Border (neat line)
Proper proportions (projection)
34 million in Canada 3.4 ppl/ 2km 999200km2
*low population growth tossed salad means diverse country
Immigration push pull factors point system destination province natural increase and doubling rate.
Know how to read the graphs
Shapes for analysis- triangle pattern lots of young people very little old. This means short life expectancy. This is for countries like Africa and Ethiopia. **EXPANSIVE
STABLE means same amount of people dying as being born. Then baby boom when the middle aged people are most populated.
Canada would be stable but declining population because people are having less kids.
Climate maritime is cities on the coast near water and continental is inland not near water.
Review climate graphs factors affecting climate latitude gives location of places north and south of the equator hotter at the quator currents originates in the arctic its cold comes from the equator its warmer precipitation warm water =more rain blows warm and cool air if winds blew in from a ocean it will bring rain and warm temperature cooler temperature higher evaluations less air pressure as air expands it looses heat act as banner to air masses precipitation will fall on the windward side while the leeward side is dry more perception air travels over water and acquires more moisture.
Igneous rocks formed from magna
Sedimentary rock forms when loose sediment or rock fragments hardens
Coal is a good sedimentary rock plant debris turns into coals
Many fossils are found in sedimentary rocks
Metamorphic rocks are one that have changed from one kind of rock to another. Ecological footprint*******
Us leaves the biggest footprint Canada worst per person
A foot print is a metaphor for the results of the interaction of a society with its ecosystems
A society that lives in harmony with its environment is said to tread softly and leave a gentle mark on nature. (low impact) many human activities have severely interfered with or changed ecosystems. Pollution (high impact) examples extraction of natural resources oil exploration loss of wetlands loss of forest land rain forests are home to an enormous number of species of plants animals and birds some of which have not even been discovered yet.
Some people argue that even clear cutting for a few tress is destroying the ecology.
Able to track changes throughout the world.
Why should we preserve wilderness
Balance eco systems, oxygen, survival.
Wilderness provides physic support and spiritual consolation.
Gala theory living organisms and their inorganic surroundings have evolved together as a single living system that greatly affects the chemistry and conditions of earths surface.
Renewable- solar tidal wind geothermal biomass hydro electricity
Non renewable- coal nuclear energy petroleum natural gas methane
Forests make up 10% of total tree cover******
Asian long-horned beetle
Serious forest pest in its native Asia, has been found in Canada. First found on the Toronto-Vaughan boundary in September 2003. Not a threat to human or animal threat. Poses a great risk to Canada’s hardwood forests. **************************
Climate change is a shift in long –term average weather patterns
Can include changes in temperature and in precipitation amounts x
Carbon dioxide is a colorless and odorless unless in industrial settings where it is also found un liquid or solid form.
One of the major greenhouse gases.
Great lakes St. Lawrence lowlands \3 provinces are Newfoundland Ontario Quebec *****
Canadian shield and Hudson bay lowlands
5 provinces 2 territories
********* the largest landform in Canada extending over nearly half of the country’s