The Roman Empire ran from 753 B.C.E to 600C.E and stretched from Britain and Germany to North Africa and the Persian Gulf. After 395 it was split into the Byzantine Empire and the Western Roman Empire, which quickly sank into anarchy because of the barbarian invaders from the north and east. Han China ran from 221B.C.E to 220 C.E it stretched from all over eastern China to several territories to the west. Although the Romans and Han empires used powerful militaries and infrastructure to control the peasants and to scare off invasions, they differed in the structure and organization of their bureaucracies and the control that the emperors had over the governors of the states. One similarity of the Roman and Chinas government was to provide order and a system of control to the people, which was difficult because they empires were so stretched out. The Roman did this by creating a republic, were the sovereign power resided in and assembly of male citizens (votes of wealthy men counted for more than the votes of the poor men). But the real center of power was the Senate which was council members and they were an advisory body to the early kings/emperors. Han China had a Confucian form of government was based on the belief that good government was dependent upon consent of the people, and not by force. In Roman and Han China emperor’s claimed their right to rule as a divine right, handed down to them from the gods. They believed they were chosen and sent to rule the people…
The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of China were both large and powerful empires that existed during the Classical Period. Han China and Rome were very successful during the Classical period, due to their similarities, but also because of their differences. However, both have fallen down as a result. There are many similarities and differences between Rome and Han China that connect and divide them; in the sense of political control. Although both were seen as two of the strongest empires of their…
Similarities between Rome and Han
▪ Develop from regional into “world powers”
▪ Cost of defending borders which stretch 1000 of miles ultimately hastens downfall
▪ Urban empires based on surplus from agriculture
▪ Technological achievements include hydraulic engineering: Rome aqueducts Chinese canals. Networks of roads & other forms of transport unify empires.
▪ Families headed by patriarchs provide cohesion
▪ Agriculture main economic activity. Get power by breaking…
Myth: Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus- twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin Princess. They were abandoned on the Tiber River and built a city on that land because of its strategic location and fertile soil.
Rome’s geography: built on 7 rolling hills, curve of the Tiber River, half way up the Italian peninsula, has the ability to control the Mediterranean
First Romans: 3 groups (Latins, Greeks, Etruscans ) who battled for control…
Han vs. Rome
September 29, 2013
The Han and the Rome empires were very different in their political systems. Both differed in the way they handled their borders, the way they looked at society, and religion. These two dynasties were different when it came their borders, as well as government. Rome and Han had their similarities as well. Both were similar in agriculture, and in their government. With these two empires having their differences…
Religion and philosophy have helped shape cultures and people throughout history. Rome and China are two of the most prominent examples of how religion and philosophy can help develop an entire empire. Religion and philosophy helped Rome and China form better political and societal structures, and it helped Rome's people behave due to the moral obligations that came with Christianity's Ten Commandments.
Qin China's emperor, Shi Huangdi, suppressed Confucianism and Daoism in favor of Legalism…
REPUBLICAN ROME SURVIVES its TURN to EMPIRE as an IMPERIAL HEGEMON
Rome managed to transition successfully from a republic to an empire, and to maintain its sway over the Mediterranean world and most of Western and Central Europe for several centuries, largely because it learned from the failed imperial experiences of foregoing hegemons like the Persians, Athenians, or the Hellenistic “Successor States”. Unlike the ethnocentric Greeks, Rome made membership within the empire, Roman citizenship…
The Roman Republic and Empire Comparison Chart
The Roman Republic
The first 500 years
800BC-510BC Those Mysterious Etruscans
Indo-Europeans who settled in Northern Italy around 2nd millennium
Their lives were highly focused on Death given their elaborate burial chambers
They were heavily influenced by Greek colonists
They had a class system
Passed much of what they learned from Greeks onto Latia (Romans)
They created the Roman numerals
Patriarchy much more than Etruscans (father…
In the time between 100 C.E. and 600 C.E, Rome underwent a wide variety of culture and political changed due to the growth of the Christian church, invasions of Germanic peoples and the increasing presence of their cultural influence. Despite many changes the cultural and political practices of Rome were maintained for over 1000 years by the Byzantine Empire.
Viewing the cultural aspects of Rome, In 100 C.E. Rome was a multiethnic empire in the midst of Pax-Romana. Men dominated most aspects of…
Empires on their outside may seem very different and unique. However, when you get down to their fundamentals, you begin to truly realize how similar they are. Just as the imposing pine tree and humble tomato plant may seem vastly different, their start from a lowly seed and craving for water and sunlight to survive unifies them. Such is also true with the Han and Roman empires. While key differences may be present, their social structures, influencing religions, and causes of collapse unify them…