Sociology and Correct Answer Essay

Submitted By Ashley-Nirschl
Words: 5494
Pages: 22

CHAPTER 4
______ is the process by which people internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn how to function as members of that society.
Select one:
a. Symbolic interactionism
b. Operationalization
c. Role conflict
d. Socialization Correct
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The correct answer is: Socialization
Question 2
Correct
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The nature versus nurture debate examines the importance of _____ in shaping human behavior.
Select one:
a. the natural environment and the social environment
b. biology, on the one hand, and social interaction, on the other Correct
c. physical and cognitive traits
d. parents and community
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The correct answer is: biology, on the one hand, and social interaction, on the other
Question 3
Correct
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In social development theory, the “self” can be defined as _____.
Select one:
a. the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person Correct
b. one’s sense of agency, action, or power
c. the identity of a person as perceived by others
d. the externalization of identity
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The correct answer is: the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person
Question 4
Correct
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According to George Herbert Mead’s stages of development, children first learn to recognize an “other” through _____.
Select one:
a. formal games
b. imitation Correct
c. playing informally with other children
d. first recognizing their own identity
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The correct answer is: imitation
Question 5
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Which of the following is an example of recognizing the “generalized other”?
Select one:
a. There are several children at a pool party. One little boy is very shy and isn’t joining in the games. After a while a slightly older child goes over and talks to him and encourages him to play with the others.
b. A little girl lives with her parents, siblings, and grandmother, and the grandmother uses a cane. One day the girl sees a neighbor who is about her grandmother’s age and asks where her cane is.
c. A child goes to his friend’s house for dinner and announces that they must bless the food before they eat because that’s what they do in his home.
d. A child is taught to hold the door for her parents or siblings when they are carrying something into the house. While at the mall she holds the door for a stranger who is carrying several bags. Correct
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The correct answer is: A child is taught to hold the door for her parents or siblings when they are carrying something into the house. While at the mall she holds the door for a stranger who is carrying several bags.
Question 6
Correct
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Which of the following is an example of a total institution?
Select one:
a. an elementary school
b. a sports team
c. a convent Correct
d. a political party
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The correct answer is: a convent
Question 7
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Which of the following scenarios involves the use of peer pressure?
Select one:
a. A member of a college football team is ostracized by his teammates when he refuses to get a tattoo of the team mascot. Correct
b. Three friends encourage a fourth to try out for the school play.
c. A group of friends stages an intervention with one of their group who they think has a drug problem.
d. Three children steal another child’s soccer ball on the playground because she won’t share it.
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The correct answer is: A member of a college football team is ostracized by his teammates when he refuses to get a tattoo of the team mascot.
Question 8
Correct
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Resocialization would be most likely to occur in…