At the end of his article on the Saints and the Roughnecks, Chambliss asks, “Why did the community, the school, and the police react to the Saints as though they were good, upstanding, non-delinquent youths with bright futures but to the Roughnecks as though they were tough, young criminals who were headed for trouble?” To address this question compare and contrast the activities, social class differences, and societal reaction to these two groups of young men. What ultimately happened to the members of each group? As you answer this question posed by Chambliss think of how he is drawing his conclusions from both labeling theory and conflict theory (organizational imperative). One of the main reasons that the community viewed the Saints and Roughnecks differently although they were doing very similar things is that the Saints had the means to leave town to commit their crimes and poor behavior where the Roughnecks did not. The groups were in different social classes, which effected the way the dressed, and the resources that they had at their disposal. In the Saints social class, they probably had mothers that did not work outside the home, so the way they were brought up and things that they were able to learn and be taught at a young age was different from the Roughnecks who, in a rougher social class probably had to have two income homes to make ends meet or had single moms that were not able to be there as much as they would like, and they were more raised by the systems (daycare, after school care, babysitters) where they didn't get the same upbringing values that the Saints received. The deviant activities of both groups were very similar. The main differences I saw were the Roughnecks often stole things of value, the Saints would "borrow" items and leave them elsewhere through out the town. Both groups of boys had interactions with the police. The Saints were able…
“Educational success and failure are about the social class and gender of pupils/students than anything else”.
Critically discuss this statement.
In today’s society educational success and failure vary dependent on different social groups, for example, social class and gender reflect different levels of educational attainment. Research shows that children of parents in higher social classes are more likely to achieve high grades in key stage tests and at GCSE. Indeed sixteen year olds whose…
As shown in item A, Cultural deprivation theorists believe that the most important factors causing social class differences in education are class differences,the difference between working class and middle class students. They believe there are deep-rooted differences between the middle and the lower class. An example they give is the lower class’ need for fatalism and collectivism. Fatalism is the belief that all events are predetermined and ‘whatever happens will happen’. This can lead to them…
Chapter 5: Social Interaction and Structure
Social Interaction: process by which we act toward and react to people around us
Social Structure: pattern of behavior that governs people's relationships
Status: position in social hierarchy that comes with a set of expectations
Status Set: a collection of social statuses that a person occupies
Ascribed Status: an inborn status, little control over; race Achieved Status: is a position that we earn; athlete
Status Inconsistency: occupying social positions…
Term Test 1
Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate your answer by blacking in the relevant box on the SCANTRON sheet. Be sure to print your name and student number clearly on the answer sheet.
1. Most people agree that sociology first emerged: (pg1)
a. approximately 70 years ago, following the end of World War II
b. in the early 19th century when Max Weber invented the term sociologie about 200 years ago…
Chapter 1: Sociology
In gaining an understanding about our world, we have developed two sets of sciences. The first one is called the natural sciences-developed to explain and predict the events in our natural environment. The natural sciences are divided in to specialized fields of research- such as biology, geology, biology, chemistry and physics. Each area investigates a particular “slice” of nature. Given that, people have not limited themselves…
CLASS DIFFERENCES IN ACHIEVEMENT – EXTERNAL FACTORS
Middle Class: non-manual labour. For example, doctors and teachers which are under a professional manner. ‘White-collar’ workers.
Working Class: manual labour. For example, plumbers, electricians, waitresses and lorry drivers (skilled) and unskilled work such as bin collectors.
Explaining Class Differences:
Children from middle class families tend to perform better than those in working class households. Tis gap grows wider as the children get…
Deviance: violation of a social norm that elicits a negative reaction
Norms: rules that govern our behavior
Tell us what we are supposed to do and what we are not supposed to do
Folkways: less serious norms (etiquette)
Say please and thank you, hold the door open for people etc.
Mores: morals, violation of them makes people think you’re bad
Sometimes they are formalized into law
Murder: law determines what’s murder
Varies from state to state
Inequalities in the distribution of health and health care and its access, including inequalities relating to social class.
The decennial allows researchers to examine health outcomes by social class. The five class scheme Registrar was created in 1911 and was still used until 2001. The National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification (NS-SEC) replaced the RGSC.
Table 1: Classifications of Social Classes.
I Professional occupations
1 Senior professionals/senior managers
II Managerial and…
the view that it is schools themselves that are the cause of differences in achievement amongst social class and ethnic groups’’
There are many reasons for differences in achievement between the social classes and ethnic groups that arise internally from school. Two of the reasons for internal differences in achievement for social class are labelling and the self fulfilment prophecy. Some of the reasons for the achievement differences in ethnic groups could be the ethnocentric curriculum and the…