In the Gorgias, Socrates says “I believe that I am one of the few Athenians – perhaps indeed the only one – who studies the true political art, and that I alone of my contemporaries put it into practice” Socrates believes that he was put into Athenian society by the Gods to enrich the society as a whole. He describes how people are corrupted in their ideologies because they attach more meaning to possessions and riches rather then their actual souls. “What I say is the greatest benefit, by trying to persuade him not to care for any of his belongings before caring that he himself should be as good and as wise as possible, not to care for the city’s possessions more than for the city itself, and to care for other things in the same way.”(Page 39) Socrates observed men of various different possessions that were deemed knowledgeable, including poets, politicians, craftsmen, etc. He questioned them to learn from them knowledge that he did not possess. However, once conversing with them he learned that these people believed themselves to be wise only because of their specific talent. He met with poets that created poetic masterpieces, but that were incapable of explaining the deeper meanings of their poem. These poets believed themselves to be wise because they had created these poems, but they in fact were not wise beyond their creations. Socrates explains that this occurred with virtually everyone that he had met with. “The good craftsmen seemed to me to have the same fault as the poets: each of them, because of his success at his craft, thought himself very wise in other most important pursuits and this error of theirs overshadowed the wisdom they had.” (Page 27) Socrates explains that God refers to this as human wisdom, and that it is worth little or nothing. Socrates is the wisest amongst the mortals because of his understanding that human wisdom is in fact worthless. “I am wiser then this man: it is likely that either of us knows anything worthwhile, but he thinks he knows something when he does not, whereas when I do not know, neither do I think I know; so I am likely to be wiser then he to this small extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know.” (Page 26)
I believe that Socrates’ arguments are progressive to society but that they are
virtue: manliness (excellence)
Entertainment: athletic contests
The polis is a small but autonomous political unit in which all major political, social, and religious activities are carried out in a central location
Acropolis and Agora Aristocratic republic
Citizens and non-citizens
Hoplites (heavily armed infantrymen) formed into phalanx
Political and military repercussions
Phalanx in Motion
Colonization and Rise of Tyrants
Colonization: 8th–6th centuries…
Socrates 469 BC–399 BC, was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.
Through his portrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has…
October 5, 2014
Socrates is an important Greek philosopher known for his teaching method which consists of doing nothing but asking questions, otherwise known as the teaching method to keep people thinking on their own. Socrates is from Athens Greece who actively participated in democracy, which included his military service during the polyponnesian war. He is also not known so much for wrote he wrote due to the fact he never wrote anything down, but more for the…
What are the different branches of philosophy, and what are they about?
The six branches that are used in philosophy are metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, logic, aesthetics, and both political and social philosophy.
Metaphysics is based around studying the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence. When Metaphysics is used it involves discussing borderlines of self-realization and the concepts of the nature of reality and life. What is the meaning of life? Who are you…
Morals can be viewed as a descriptive science; it seeks to establish "what
is true" in a society or group. M
orality basically can be related to relativity it changes by time,
places, and people. My own definition of morality it would have to be the golden rule. Also you
should do the right thing as to doing the wrong thing. Another would have to be staying true to
you and just being honest with yourself.
In the book The Republic by Plato, he says “If women are expected to do the same work
as men, we must teach them the same things…
architecture & surplus manpower
c. Writing (“gifts of the gods”)= records. Pictograph, ideogram, cuneiform.
d. Institutions for centralized & inherited power
. - Priesthood for centralized sacred ritual
. - Kingship for centralized political and social structure (Paraoh= kings in Egypt)
2. Geographical areas of early civilizations…
Philosophy (Book one: Ancient Philosophy)
Part I. The Pre-Socratics
Chapter I. The Rise of Greek Civilization
IN all history, nothing is so surprising or so difficult to account for as the sudden rise of civilization in Greece. …What they achieved in art and literature is familiar to everybody, but what they did in the purely intellectual realm is even more exceptional. They invented mathematics and science and philosophy; they first wrote history as opposed to mere annals; they speculated freely about…
passed through two centers
Rome preserved many of Greek achievements
Rome vs. Greece
Mighty empire vs. inept/Greek city-states
Mastered engineering vs. scientific thought
western Europe – Greco Roman vs. Eastern Europe – Greek influence
Shared political ideas common religion artistic styles economic structures
The Persian Tradition
550 BCE Cyrus the Great – massive Persian Empire across Middle East
Tolerant of local customs
Advanced iron technology
Greek word that means “love of wisdom.” The sophistswere a group of traveling teachers in accident Greece who rejected speculation such as that of Pythagoras as foolish. One of the critics of the sophists was Socrates, a sculptor whose true love was philosophy. One of Socrates’ students was Plato, considered by many the greatest philosopher of Western civilization.
Epic-a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures…
Which of the following movements stresses the inclusion or combination of several different styles in one composition or work of art? a) International Style b) Functionalism c) Eclecticism d) Formalism
Feedback: The correct answer is c. Eclecticism stresses the inclusion or combination of several different styles in one composition or work of art.
Question 10: Multiple Choice
The elegant gardens at Versailles are an example of ___________ landscape design. a) informal b) formal…