Exam questions will be based on the biblical text, your instructor’s discussion of that text in class, and material in the textbook by Jack Cottrell. You must know the details of the discussion of the following introductory issues that were presented in class.
1. Paul’s self-consciousness as an apostle and how he viewed what he taught and wrote
2. Authorship (what is said in Romans about the author and his circumstances when writing)
3. The recipients (how the writer designates the recipients, their background, and explanations of how the Christian community originated in Rome) C his plans, where and when Paul likely wrote the letter, what was going on in his life that prompted him to write the letter, possible circumstances in the life of the church in Rome that prompted Paul to write; note particularly the relationship of information in Romans chapters 1, 15, and 16 that relate to these issues, and relevant connections of that information to other NT passages)
5. The major theological theme of the letter (how this theological theme may have been necessitated by the occasion of the letter)
6. How historical circumstances of the church in Rome may have contributed to Paul’s strategies in the letter
Use the following items to assist you in carefully reading the text of Romans and identifying significant details. It is assumed that the student will have noted significant terms, concepts, arguments, etc. that were explained in class lecture or clarified in the textbook.
1. How does Paul identify himself in 1:1? a servant of Christ Jesus
2. How does he describe the gospel in 1:2-3? Promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures.
3. What does Paul say about Christ’s human nature in 1:3? a descendant of David
4. By what was Jesus declared to be the Son of God in power 1:4? Spirit of holiness
5. What had Paul received through Jesus Christ in 1:5? Grace and apostleship
6. For what purpose has he received these things in 1:5? For his name’s sake
7. Paul says his ministry focused on calling people to __________ (1:5 and 16:26).Obedience that comes from faith
8. How does Paul identify the recipients of the letter in 1:6-7? Loved by God and called to be saints.
How does the identification of the readers as “saints” (sanctified people) relate to Paul’s later discussion in Romans?
9. What is Paul’s typical greeting in 1:7? Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
10. What is the basis for Paul’s thanksgiving for the readers in 1:8? You faith is being reported all over the world.
11. What are the various ways the gospel is referred to in 1:1, 9, 15-16? Set apart for the gospel of God, preaching the gospel of his son , preach the gospel also to you who are at Rome.
12. What is the relevance to understanding the occasion for the writing of Romans of 1:10, 13; 15:17-29?
13. What did Paul hope to be able to do at Rome according to 1:11-15? Preaching the gospel
14. To whom was Paul obligated in 1:14? Greeks and non-Greeks, both to the wise and foolish.What did this obligation cause him to want to do? Eager to preach the gospel also to you who are at Rome What brought to Paul this sense of obligation? How does this passage connect with other texts in Romans that call attention to Paul’s Gentile mission (11:13-14; 15:7-21)?
15. Of what is Paul not ashamed in 1:16? gospel
16. How does Paul describe the gospel in 1:16? The power of god for the salvation of everyone who believes
17. What two designations of humanity does Paul introduce in 1:16? Jew, Gentile
18. What is revealed in the gospel according to 1:17? A righteousness from God.What is the meaning of the righteousness of (from) God? That is by faith from first to last
19. What OT passage does Paul cite to emphasize the importance of faith in 1:17? The righteous will live by faith
20. What is being