Indoor Tanning Bed Use to Melanoma Melanoma rates are rising among young women, possibly due to increasing ultraviolet radiation to previously protected body sites. Therefore, we examined melanoma incidence trends by age, gender, and body site. Descriptive methods were complemented with the age-period-cohort parameters net drift and longitudinal age trend. Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer. It is not as common as other types of skin cancer, but it is the most serious. Melanoma can affect your skin only, or it may spread to your organs and bones. As with other cancers, treatment for melanoma works best when the cancer is found early. This topic is about melanoma that occurs in the skin. It does not cover melanoma that occurs in the eye or in any other part of the body besides the skin. Melanoma starts in skin cells called melanocytes and can spread throughout the body. There are many causes to melanoma such as you can get melanoma by spending too much time in the sun. Too much sun exposure causes normal skin cells to become abnormal. These abnormal cells quickly grow out of control and attack the tissues around them. Melanoma tends to run in families. Other things in your family background can increase your chances of getting the disease. For example, you may have abnormal, or atypical, moles. Atypical moles may fade into the skin and have a flat part that is level with the skin. They may be smooth or slightly scaly, or they may look rough and "pebbly." Having many atypical moles increases your risk of melanoma. I choose this topic based on the mass amounts of information I could find on the subject. I also choose this topic, because I wanted to find and research something that I have no prior knowledge to. I like to challenge myself and broaden my brain about the causes and effects of tanning and its relationship with melanoma. There are many risk factors for developing melanoma. The risk factor you can best control to reduce your risk of melanoma is exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. such examples to help prevent skin cancer are stay out of the sun during the midday hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.). Wear protective clothing. This includes a hat with a brim to shade your ears and neck, a shirt with sleeves to cover your shoulders, and pants. The best fabric for skin protection has a tight weave to keep sunlight out. Use a sunscreen every day with an SPF of at least 15. Look for a sunscreen that protects against both types of ultraviolet radiation in the sun's rays-UVA and UVB. Use a higher SPF when you are at higher elevations. Set a good example for your children by protecting your skin from too much sun and most of all avoid sunbathing and tanning salons. Studies suggest that your risk of melanoma increases by 75% if you start using artificial tanning before you are 30 years old. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a proven human carcinogen. The International Agency for Research on Cancer, an affiliate of the World Health Organization, includes ultraviolet (UV) tanning devices in its Group 1, a list of the most dangerous cancer-causing substances. Group 1 also includes agents such as plutonium, cigarettes, and solar UV radiation. Currently tanning beds are regulated by the FDA as Class I medical devices18, the same designation given elastic bandages and tongue depressors. Frequent tanners using new high-pressure sunlamps may receive as much as 12 times the annual UVA dose compared to the dose they receive from sun exposure. People who tan indoors just four times per year increase their risk of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma by 15 percent, and their risk of melanoma by 11 percent. Just one indoor tanning session per year in high school or college boosts the risk of basal cell carcinoma by 10 percent. That risk is increased to 73 percent if one tans six times per year. Indoor tanners have a 69 percent increased risk of early-onset basal cell carcinoma. Approximately 25 percent of
new cases of melanoma in the U.S., according to the National Cancer Institute, and 8,700 people died from the disease. We love the sun, slathering tanning lotion all over our bodies and basking in it. When we can't do that, we crawl into a tanning bed and get bronze artificially. Our vanity is killing us. Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. Melanoma can also involve the colored part of the eye.
The Symptoms of melanoma are a mole…
April 13, 2013
English 2100; 5:00
The Pressures/ Harmful Effects of Tanning and Skin Cancer
When I was growing up my mom had always stressed wearing sunscreen, and frowned upon the use of tanning beds. She has always made sure we were very conscious about protecting our skin. Coming from her experience of having skin cancer, and a close friend losing her dad to skin cancer, I have always had an interest in this subject. Today in our current culture…
teens and adults’, knowing what skin cancer is, the symptoms and how to reduce your risks of getting skin cancer at an early age.
A. How many of you like to go to the beach or tanning places raise your hand?
How many of you go often?
B. Did you know someone dies of melanoma, a skin cancer, every hour so if you raised your hand you’re putting yourself in danger of getting skin cancer at an early age.
C. I know I love to go to the beach as much as some of you, but sometimes…
I have chosen to do this report on Melanoma so that I can educate a range of men and women in skin cancer also known as Melanoma. This is the most common form of cancer in people ages 25-29 and it is also the second to adolescents and young adults ages 15-29. Since 1980 there is a study that shows a 50 percent increase in Melanoma in women ages 15-39. It is also shown that in woman ages 30-34 that it follows closely behind breast cancer. In this report I hope to show you the cause, risk, treatment…
(Polsky, 2012)? It has been found that ultraviolet radiation or sun exposure is the number one cause of skin cancer (Sun Exposure, Skin Cancer and Other Sun Damage, 2013). This same UV radiation are used in tanning beds and is just as risky. In addition to skin cancer, other negative risks of using tanning beds include eye damage, early aging and harmful infections.
In April of 2005, Glenna Kohl detected a hard, golf ball–size lump near her groin at age 22 while working out at her college gym…
mutations produce the greatest risk of skin cancer?
An alteration in the gene BRAF has been known to cause many melanomas. Researchers have found the gene in about half of all melanoma cases. It is known as a switch gene because a slight mutation can cause it to turn on abnormally; it will then lead to uncontrolled cellular growth and cancer. The mutations most commonly seen in familial melanoma occur in another gene known as p53. When p53 is in its normal state, it functions as a tumor suppressor. It…
the sunlight, melanocytes make more melanin and cause the skin to tan. This also happens when skin is exposed to other forms of ultraviolet light (such as in a tanning booth). If the skin receives too much ultraviolet light, the melanocytes may begin to grow abnormally and become cancerous which is called melanoma.
What Is Melanoma?
Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer.Melanoma is caused by changes in cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible…
by too much sun” (Kotz, 2008).
We have also heard so much about tanning industries and how dangerous the tanning beds are. Not according to Bruce Hollis, a leading vitamin D researcher at the Medical University of South Carolina, he says “Tanning beds that produce UVB will generate vitamin D” (Doughton, 2008).
After some research Hiran Ratnayake, had learned that the numbers given to public regarding developing cancer from tanning beds are not so true. He found out from the studies that he looked…
main three forms are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. One of the most dangerous cancers in the world is Melanoma, a cancer of the skin. There are many types of melanoma, some harmless and some deadly, but both can be cured if detected at an early stage. There are many ways to prevent melanoma, like limiting UV radiation to the skin and abstaining from tanning beds. However, melanoma can be detected on anybody and it is important to know how to act in time.
Subject: Cancer Prevention
Thesis Statement: People need to be more aware of the proper precautions that should be taken in order to reduce the risk of getting cancer.
Date: April 08, 2013
A Report Submitted by:
Number of Words: 1,545
CONCEPTION AND DEFINITION
While trying to find a topic for my research report, a colleague at school suggested I should look into cancer and what actions people take to prevent raising their risk of getting it. Therefore, I have chosen…