Transformational Leadership In Nursing

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Leadership plays an integral role in the performance and job satisfaction of nurses in a clinical setting (Sandstrom et al., 2011). Nursing performance and satisfaction have a measurable effect on patient outcomes and safety. Accordingly, to maximise patient outcomes in the clinical setting an examination of leadership styles in nursing is warranted. An investigation into the unique leadership styles and their relationship to patient safety would provide needed insight into an overlooked aspect of nursing performance.
The term ‘patient safety’ can be summarised as the prevention of adverse effects associated with health care (World Health Organisation, 2016). In other words, exposure to the healthcare system is itself paradoxically hazardous
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The model revolves around mutual support between leaders and subordinates (Marquis & Huston, 2011; Clarke, 2012). The leader is responsible for developing a vision and inspiring their subordinates to pursue it in cooperation with themselves. Subordinates are motivated their own intrinsic sense of purpose rather than any extrinsic motivators (2011). The advantages of the transformational model are in its ability to inspire and galvanise change, promote creativity and innovation, and cultivate confidence in subordinates (2012). The limitation of the transformational model is its reliance on having a like-minded, intelligent, and ambitious workforce to be …show more content…
The strength of transformational leadership is its superior evidence-based practice outcomes (Everett & Sitterding, 2011; Clarke, 2012). As outlined by Clarke (2012) policy outcomes are similar between transactional and transformational, but a significant difference is shown in staff participation to these policies. Furthermore, additional research has shown not only are the policies important for patient safety but also relational leadership plays an integral role in those outcomes (Wong et al., 2013). Meta-analysis has shown open communication, nurse retention, and perceived support play an integral role in improving patient safety (2013). The limitations of a transformational model as mentioned previously are its reliance on a like-minded, motivated, and educated labour force to collaborate with a transformational leader. Ultimately, research supports transformational as an ideal model to prevent pressure sores in a clinical setting while also boosting staff satisfaction and