P1.1: Compare and contrast different organisational structure and culture.
According to Buchanan and Huczynski, an organisation is a ‘social arrangement for the controlled performance of collective goals’. Chester Barnard described an organisation as ‘a system of co-operative human activities’. Organisation are can be define as; ‘A deliberately formed group of human being with known boundaries and common goal’. Or, a group of people working together to achieved a common goal. There are 2 types of organisation: i. formal organization and ii. Informal organisation.
A formal organization is one which is deliberately constructed to fulfil specific …show more content…
i. The units (department etc.) into the organization are divided and how they relate to each other. ii. The formal communication and reporting Chanels of the organization. iii. The structure of authority, responsibility and delegation in the organization including. iv. Any problems in the above: insufficient delegation, long lines communication or unclear authority relationships.
I. Span of control: The span of control refers to the number of subordinate immediately reporting to a superior official. The right Span of control is depended are those things:
i. A manager’s capabilities limit the span of control. ii. The nature of the manager’s work load. iii. Subordinates work. iv. The interaction between subordinates.
J. Flexible working: A useful definition of flexible working relates to when, where, how and what work is done:
Flexible time: Work is performed at times that better suit the employer and/or employee
Flexible place: Work is carried out wherever is most appropriate and effective for the employer and/or employee.
Flexible contract: Workers are employed and/or rewarded in non-standard ways.
Flexible tasks: Multi-skilled workers are able to undertake a variety of tasks according to need.