Columbian Exchange & Early Colonization * Link of people, animals, plants, & germs between Europe Africa and the Americas. * Livestock(horses),wheat,coffee, sugar, fruits, and vegetables * Africans were enslaved and sent to America * Introduced rice and yams * Traveling back from Europe to America * Corn, beans, potatoes, tomatoes, tobaccos and turkey, and DISEASE * Native Americans lacked proper immune system to resist disease(smallpox) * Population desimated; allowed for an easier path for European colonization I. Environmental Impact * Livestock introduced and ate Native vegetation * Plants replaced by European weeds * Drove away wild animals, depriving Natives from important food source * LONG TERM RESULT: World Wide Exchange of Foods, improved diets, and allowed for huge population growth II. Social Impacts * In areas settled by Spain, you see a development of a Mestizo population(racially mixed offspring of Spanish and Natives) * Not prevalent in British and French colonies * Decent # of Mullato children(enslaved African females and Masters) III. Economic Impact * America:huge source of wealth for Europeans(gold and silver early on, and sugar plantations in the Carribean) IV. Early Spanish Colonization * Conquest & Colonization was motivated by the 3 G’s * God, Glory, and Gold * Catholicism (thought it was their duty, The Crusades, Protestant Reformation) Maintain Catholic Subjects * MesoAmerica:extended to North America in the 1500’s * Hernando Deseto led a conquest from 1539 to 1543 * Head North from Florida, to Appalacian Mountains, then to Southern Plains * 3 results * Doesn’t find gold he was looking for * Upset almost all Native Americans he met * His expedition spread disease to Natives(reduce population->future colonization * Francisco Coronado(1540-1542): Raid North of Mexico up to Grand Canyon then Across to Kansas * Failed to find sources of wealth * Shifted focus away from Gold, to a focus on God and preventing Europoeans from colonizing * Saint Augistine(1st permanent colonization) 1565 * In Florida, set up a sertegate base to limit English and French Settlement and have motive of converting local natives to Catholicism * Had limited success * In 1598, Colony of New Mexico was founded * Specific Social Structure put into place(Encomienda) * Basic; located Natives were forced to provided food and labor to Spanish settlers and forced to convert to Catholicism * Almost failed; Franciscan Monks convinced crown for more funding to continue to convert Native Americans V. Early British * In 1588, defeat of Spanish Armada * Led to truse between England & Spain in 1604; Spain relenquishes its claims to Virginia * Some issues: * Neither crown nor parliament wants to pay for colonies * Funded by 2 Joint Stock Companies:
unprofessional, “cultural” foods are treated as exotic past times, and the vernacular of people of color is ridiculed and demeaned.
using someone else’s cultural symbols to satisfy a personal need for self-expression is an exercise in privilege.
African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is consistently treated as lesser than Standard English, but people whitewash black slang and use expressions they barely understand as punch lines, or to make themselves seem cool.
But there needs to be some element of…
Egyptians, in which
many of the symbols are conventionalized, recognizable pictures of the
things represented. ,Also, hieroglyph. a hieroglyphic symbol.
pueblo 9.an American Indian settlement of the southwestern US, especially one
consisting of multistoried adobe houses built by the Pueblo people.
federation 10.a group of states with a central government but independence in
11. Q:why did asians cross the land bridge to the americas A:they crossed a bridge
had reached Asia, but it actually turned out to be present day United States. He changed history by doing so. To make their nations survive and have more resources, the Europeans tried to open up water routes. Even though the European exploration had some negative outcomes to the new world, they were outnumbered by the benefits to Native American societies.
The Europeans brought many things to The Americas that the Native Americans benefited from. For example, they didn’t have horses, so it made…
30 January 2015
Misunderstood Native American
In this paper, we will be discussing the book, “The absolutely true story of a part time Native American”. This book really infiltrates the meaning of the term “other”. It is about a part time Native American, named Arnold, who seeks for a better like than what he suffers through. This book is quite amazing on how it depicts the Native American life and its upbringing. Arnold goes to a Reardan, a white school, to…
Running head: ARIZONA
Arizona - Past and Present
November 18, 2011
Arizona is the state full of deserts, history, and agriculture. Archeological findings in Arizona are never ending whether it’s through, excavations, artifacts, carbon dating, the scientific method, and many other ways archeologist find their data. Arizona has different characteristics like the date it was founded, its demographics, the way it conducts itself…
the few museums in the United States devoted to American art and Native American art forms. The collection consists of more than 12,000 works. The American collection comprises paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, and sculpture dating from the 18th century to the present. The museum's holdings of traditional and contemporary American Indian art and artifacts represent the cultural achievements in weaving, pottery, woodcarving, jewelry, and textiles of indigenous Americans from seven major regions…
the 1600’s, Europeans had never come in contact with natives in Europe because obviously, they were the natives to their homeland. On the contrary, when the Europeans colonists settled in America, they had to face the challenge of dealing with the Native Americans. Although this task was new to the majority of settlers, some of the colonists handled these relationships better than others. The clear and distinct actions taken by both the American Indians and the European colonists had a colossal effect…
Native American leaders and U.S. Congress have fought for years over the ownership over U.S. soil. Before the story of Christopher Columbus landed, there were indeed people that farmed and squatted the lands. Indians were also merchants and business men of all types. They were peaceful, religious and educated whom operated under their own government and codified body of law. On September 15, 1830, at Little Dancing Rabbit Creek, the Chiefs of Choctaw Nation along with U.S. representatives met to…
America were the Native Americans. There were about 1.5 million Native Americans that lived in the continental United States, although estimates of the number vary greatly. Their settlements ranged across the Western Hemisphere and were built on many of the sites where modern cities now rise. They hunted deer, buffalo, and other game and cultivated land where today crops are still grown. Their hunters, warriors, and traders used paths now followed by roads and railroads.
The vast American continents…
How Immigration Has Shaped the Lives of African Americans, Irish and Native Americans
The African American, Irish and Native Americans all share immigrant experiences that have impacted every aspect of their lives and culture including their families, religions and political and economic systems. These experiences have drastically changed their lives throughout the course of history, due to the process of assimilation they have had to endure. Racialization has played a big…