The Constitution in Review
What is Government?
need government to protect the rights of the people.
In America we have a Republican form of government –
The people elect leaders to make laws and vote on decisions for them
we also have a Constitutional government –
A Constitutional government has limits to its power. Opposite of a dictatorial government.
Separation of Powers
avoid the abuse of power, we separate powers into three branches.
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
branches check and balance each other to make sure one does not become too powerful and begin to abuse its power.
What shaped the Founders’
Thinking about Government?
in colonial times
Events leading up to the American
Declaration of Independence
The American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
What happened at the
from 12 of the 13 states met in Convention at Philadelphia in 1787
Originally came to revise the Articles of
End up starting all over again.
Spend the summer writing a new
James Madison, George Washington,
Benjamin Franklin, among others.
Article 1: Legislative Branch
Virginia Plan called for two houses of
Congress with representation based on population--the more people you have, the more votes you get.
The New Jersey Plan called for one house of
Congress with equal representation--each state gets one vote.
The Great Compromise = Two houses of
Congress. One house has proportional representation, the other has equal representation. Problems with Representation
Compromise: Counted slaves as
3/5 of a person when it came to representation. Slaves were seen as property and were not citizens of the
This compromise was voided after the
Civil War amendments made slavery illegal and gave citizenship to Black
Powers of the Legislative
Powers: Framers who wanted to limit the powers of Congress supported these powers. They laid out specific things
Congress could and could not do.
General Powers: Framers who wanted to give more power to Congress supported these powers. They generally said
Congress could pass any laws that were
“necessary and proper.” This is known as the
Article II: Executive Branch
35 years old
Natural born citizen, etc.
Powers of the President
Commander in Chief of Military, etc.
qualifications for the President
Responsibilities of the President
State of the Union address
Budget suggestions, etc.
Article III: The Judiciary
Courts of Appeal
Very vaguely described branch of government. How did the People approve the new Constitution?
= the process of officially
Framers wanted the people to vote on approving the new government plan
9 of the 13 states had to ratify the document
Federalists were for the Constitution;
Antifederalists were against the Constitution.
1789--Constitution is ratified after Framers promise to add a Bill of Rights
How was the Constitution used to establish the US government?
first political parties developed naturally due to disagreements over the meaning of the words in the