Distinguish among the four tissue types found in the human body. Provide an example of each type with their function and location. There are four tissue type within the human body. They are listed as follows along with where they are found and what they do according to the textbook Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology:
Epithelial tissue, which covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chambers, and forms glands.
Connective tissue, which fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other tissues, transports materials within the body, and stores energy reserves.
Muscle tissue, which is specialized for contraction and includes the skeletal muscles of the body, the muscle of the heart, and the muscular walls of hollow organs.
Neural tissue, which carries information from one part of the body to another in the form of electrical impulses. (Fundamentals, 2014, p 112)
Epithelial tissue is found mostly with in the skin and intestinal tract. It lines most of the body cavities and makes up the structure of the lungs. The purpose of the epithelial cells is mainly to act as a barrier. The connective tissue is found in the blood vessels, skeletal structure, and in fat (Fundamentals, 2014, p 124). It is a supportive tissue that is used for transport, storage, structure, protection, and defense. Next, the muscle tissue is found is found in the skeletal makeup, the heart, and in many internal organs. Its main function is movement but is also involved in protection (Fundamentals, 2014, p 140). Lastly, the neural tissue and makes up the nervous system. It is for the transportation of information through electrical impulses.