Breast Cancer. Among Women of 35 to 60 years old.
All individuals have the opportunity to obtain information that will make a difference in their lives. As we know all the information that we all have now in regard health, is possible epidemiologist are able to research and fined the way to prevent and treatment many diseases. Be healthy is the main goal for many people in the health field. And for this reason prevention is the key to obtain that goal. As we all know many chronic diseases are arrive in these decades. And one of the most important is cancer. It is a topic that affected many people lives, because probability someone in their family or friend, or themselves had the disease, or probability know someone who has it. There are very different types of cancer. The one that I will focus is breast cancer. Breast cancer according to the Medicine net, is the most common cancer among American women, also one in every eight women in the United States develops breast cancer (www.medicinenet.com). According to the American Cancer Society, Over 200,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer are diagnosed each year. Nearly 39,520 women will die of breast cancer in 2011. There are over 2.5 million breast cancer survivors in the United States (www.cancer.org). This is why is so important to screening for breast cancer an early stage. The American Cancer Society recommends that a woman should have a baseline mammogram between the 35 and 40 years of age. Between 40 and 50 years of age, mammograms are recommended every other year. After 50 years of age, yearly mammograms are recommended, because age is one of the risk factor of breast cancer. (www.cancer.org). Giving by the American Cancer Society, your risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. About 1 out of 8 invasive breast cancers are found in women younger than 45, while about 2 of 3 invasive breast cancers are found in women age 55 or older(www.cancer.org).
In our communities is important to teach them the importance of screening for breast cancer mainly to women between the ages of 35 to 60, because between those ages the women are in a higher risk of getting the disease. In most cases their behavior toward breast cancer is not to clear. They do not have much information about it. And they do not know have to do self-examination of the breast, or what they looking for and how to talk to their physicians in concern this topic. In many cases they do not have access to this information or they feel afraid of the topic, or they think that it would never happen to them. Significant risk factors for the senior population are, the age, women in between ages of 45 and older are more common to develop breast cancer that any other ages. Therefore, these are the group of women whom the message should be communicated. I choose this audience because it is the one who is at the most high risk of getting breast cancer. Also, genetic according to the American Cancer Society, about 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are thought to be hereditary, resulting directly from gene defects (called mutations) inherited from a parent (www.cancer.org). As well as, family history of breast cancer women whose close blood relatives have breast cancer have a higher risk for this disease. The American Cancer Society mentioned that, having a first-degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer almost doubles a woman's risk. Having 2 first-degree relatives increases her risk about 3-fold (www.cancer.org). Race or ethnicity is a risk factor to develop breast cancer because giving by the American Cancer Society overall, white women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than are African-American women, but African-American women are more likely to die of this cancer. However, in women under 45 years of age, breast cancer is more common in African-American women. Asian, Hispanic, and Native American women