Germany and Treaty of Versailles
The rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party in Germany
The great Depression
The weakness of League of Nations
The aggression of Japan and Germany
The policy of appeasement
Reasons of Enlistment
To stop the enemy
Top get away from farm and see the world
To defend Old mother England where they originally came from
Drought of work
Places Australia fought
Papua New Guinea
Government control on the home front
Conscription: All unmarried men aged 21 were called up for three month’s military training. This man could only serve only in Australia or its territories. Conscription was effectively introduced in mid-1942, when all men 18–35, and single men aged 35–45, were required to join the Citizens Military Forces (CMF).
Rationing: Resources were controlled by government.
Censorship: all the articles, news on the radio and in the press were censored. Telegraph, telephone and post were also censored
Enemies Aliens: People
Prisoners of Wars:
What is anti Semitism
The belief or behaviour hostile toward Jews just because they are Jewish. It may take the form of religious teachings that proclaim the inferiority of Jews, for instance, or political efforts to isolate, oppress, or otherwise injure them. It may also include prejudiced or stereotyped views about Jews.
Provide some examples of anti-Semitic actions towards the Jews in the middle Ages?
As the Black Death epidemics devastated Europe in the mid-14th century, causing the death of a large part of the population, Jews were used as scapegoats. Rumours spread that they caused the disease by deliberately poisoning wells. Hundreds of Jewish communities were destroyed.
What does the term Nazi stand for?
The term Nazi stand for National Socialist German Workers' Party.
What was Nazi racial ideology aiming at?
Blood and Soil
What were some reasons why the Nazi Party’s popularity increased in the late 1920s/early 1930?
Who was the head of the Third Reich Ministry of Propaganda and Enlightenment?
Dr Joseph Goebbels
Give some examples of the Anti-Semitic propaganda that the German Government created?
Illustration from a children's book. The headlines say "Jews are our misfortune" and "How the Jew cheats." Germany, 1936.
— US Holocaust Memorial Museum
What were the two precepts introduced by the Nuremberg Laws?
Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers.
Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or kindred blood are forbidden
When did the Nuremberg Laws come into place?
The Nuremberg Laws come into place on September 15, 1935.
How did these laws impact on German Jewish citizens?
Why did Kristallnacht take place? The start of the Kristallnacht was the turning point of Jewish suffering. Three days before, a Jewish teenager, Herschel Grynszpan, shot a German diplomat, Von Roth, in Paris. The Germans saw this as the perfect time to terrorize the Jews. The real cause of Kristallnacht was because the Germans were upset that they lost World War I, and were looking for a scapegoat. So within three days, anti-Jew violence erupted though out Germany, which resulted in the Kristallnacht.
What happened to the 30,000 Jews who were captured by the SS and SA police after this pogrom?
They were sent to concentration camp.
Were Ghettos designed to be permanent areas of Jewish resettlement or