Civilizations that impacted future development of other civilization laid the ground work for social, technological and educational development. Without people having laws and consenqueces there would be no order and society would not last long. We can tell that past civilizations set the standard in which the future civilizations improved from. With these improvements survival increased, because of the way of life that those civilizations decided to follow. Interactions were key in order for these civilizations to survive. Even today we all communicate with each other, our environment, and our ideas and culture that we decide to follow. Many civilizations were able to understand that communication was key in order for their society to thrive. The interactions between humans was an important element that would help civilizations prosper. Without these interactions between humans, our society today would not be as advanced as it is now. This is because if our ancestors kept their ideas to themselves we all would have different ideas on how our world should be and there would be major conflicts. Source Four, Phoenician Sailing, tells us how the Phoenician Sailing adapted overtime. This document states how the Phoenicians traded and were considered as the best sailors at the time.” When the Phoenicians traded with people that lived in the Mediterranean Sea, they got ideas and made improvements to their ships. This special interaction helped both the Phoenicians and the people that lived around the Mediterranean Sea. “Later on around 700 BCE there were many distinct changes that the Phoenicians made to their ships. They added long steering oars in the back and a single sail that could catch the wind and move the ship forward.” These interactions gave not only the Phoenicians ideas, but the other Mediterranean civilizations also took advancements from the Phoenicians. Language is a very important element if a society is going to be successful. Source Eleven, The Phoenician Alphabet describes how the Phoenician Alphabet grew off of different alphabets and how it impacted others. “The alphabet was adapted by the Greeks, and it became the basis for writing all European languages. The Phoenician alphabet also influenced how Hebrew and Arabic were written, and it was adapted to write the languages of India and Ethiopia.” Past alphabets were passed through society and different civilizations and were used as a good starting point for the new alphabets. The influence from other countries made civilizations think of how their civilization will be. Interaction between humans was key especially when determining a national language or different standards in your society. Not only does interactions between humans impact a civilization, but their environment affects their life and how long it will last. Environment impacts were the civilization will be located. Good farming land, and mild weather are important elements that will help a civilization thrive for generations. Source Fourteen, The Rise of Civilizations, describes why each civilization chose where they were going to live. Various peoples settled in the hills and valleys of Palestine. The Israelites and other groups that decided to live in the area thought that this would be a good area to live in because the environment suited their needs and expectations. “The Tigris and Euphrates rivers supported the different people of Mesopotamia. The first civilization was based of city-states.” The Mesopotamians decided to live in this area because they believed that the rivers and the rich soil in this area would help their civilization prosper. Many civilizations that were present during this time period decided to live by rivers and bodies of water. Source Sixteen, River Valley Civilizations, tells us why civilizations chose to live in river valleys. “The earliest civilizations were all situated near major rivers. These rivers provided a regular water supply and a means to…
2.01- Three significant achievements of the Mesopotamian civilization were the wheel, the first writing system, cuneiform, and the Ziggurat. These achievements were important because that way they could communicate and transport to different locations and so that they could have a place to pray to their gods.
2.02- The difference between a monarchy and an oligarchy is when a monarchy is a form of government in which the people are led by one ruler, usually a king, who takes…
HIST- 161 Midterm
Indus Valley Civilization
Asia is a vast landmass with numerous natural environments, which support primarily two types of livelihood i.e. farming and herding. Fall of sufficient rain and presence of rivers allowed for irrigation, farmers worked the soil. Thus, the earliest urban cultures of Asia arose especially in the river area i.e. in Southwest, South and East Asia. In and around…
Turkey, and large portions of Russia into his already large empire. This also led to the later explorers of the west such as Marco polo to spearhead the massive European explorations which would not have happened if not for Genghis Khan. (Western Civilizations/ Notes from class).
The Ottoman empire was formed after a 4th siege on Constantinople in which it was finally sacked in 1453 by Mehmet the 2nd and lead to the empire which was formed. During the time of the empires peak it included areas of…
Civilization is a complex concept that is interpreted differently by many. Taking
the origin of the word into consideration, a civilization is officially defined as a society that has
cities. This may not seem like much to go off of, but having cities implies some form of order and
organization among this society, and that is what makes it a civilization. There are many common
characteristics found between modern civilizations that can be traced all the way back to the very
first civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt…
The differences and similarities between Mesopotamia and Egyptian civilization.
Did not believe in a positive life after death
Believed in a rich life after death
Kingship granted by the Gods, did not see themselves as Gods
Believed that their Pharaohs’ were both Gods and men
Life center around religion
Valued their ancestral ties to present life
Polytheistic religion with many Gods
Monotheism religion with only one God
No good protection…
the Flies’ by William Golding develops the idea of how easily civilization can revert to savagery when a plane crash-lands on a deserted island, stranding a group of British school boys. They are forced to fend for themselves because there are no adults on the island. The boys try to set up some rules to loosely mimic how they lived in Britain. In the novel, Golding uses symbols to show the difference between the two groups of civilization and savagery. These symbols are a conch shell, a spear and a…
century, three very important civilizations had developed. The Aztecs, Maya, and the Incas. The societies were characterized by vast mineral wealth, large urban centers, and ritualized religions. The three civilizations eventually helped to expand trade into Asia, Africa, and Europe. Soon after that, Columbus crossed the Atlantic with his men, and they discovered many islands and expanded their knowledge of the America’s. This point in history marks new civilizations that developed, establishing trade…
Ancient Civilization Essay
One task that I was expected to do was to create a project from the ancient civilizations. I chose to do a project on the scene where Jason is reaching for the Golden Fleece. Jason and the Golden Fleece is a Greek myth passed down from generations, but the Greeks didn’t begin myths. No one really knows when myths began actually. All ancient people created them to explain human conditions. Myths also represented consequences…
Geography and Early Civilizations
Geography had a tremendous impact on early civilizations, the topography of the different regions played a key role in their development and formation. This statement by Fernand Braudel “ Geography is the stage in which humanity’s endless dramas are played out” (Getz et al., Exchanges, 26) is a very moving and telling description. The terrain, whether it is natural or man made is not the end all, be all. It does however affect the stage a great deal. Mountainous…
Mohenjo-Daro Figure. Scholars believe this limestone statue from about 2500 B.C.E. depicts a king or a priest from Mohenjo-Daro in the
Indus valley in present-day Pakistan.
Does this figure seem to emphasize the features of a particular person or the attributes of a particular role?
Hear the Audio for Chapter 1 at www.myhistorylab.com
CRAIMC01_xxxii-031hr2.qxp 2/17/11 3:22 PM Page xxxii
EARLY HUMANS AND THEIR CULTURE page 1
WHY IS “culture” considered a defining…