The areas of a childs development can be categorized into four seperate groups.
Namely - physical development, social and emotional development, intellectual development and language development.
It is important to be able to identify these developmental mile stones in order to asses a childs rate of development and make observations as to whether or not a child is developing at a rate that you would expect.
Therefore I have listed below each developmental group and mile stones that are expected at certain age groups within those areas.
Physical development - movement and motor skills including hand eye co-ordination.
By 6 months a child should be able …show more content…
They will mostly be cooperative and any unwanted behaviour can easily be distaracted away from. Having said this anxiety or distress may become an issue when seperated from their known carer and comfort objects may play a role in subduing any bad feeling.
Between two and three years a child develops a new sense of identity and the need to do things for themselves. Children may also begin to play with others particularly older children who are likely to give extra attention. This goes hand in hand with demanding extra attention from adults and also being jealous of others gaining attention or sharing their things. At this age it is not unusual for children to feel their needs should be met immediately leading to bursts of emotion and tantrums.
At three to four a sense of others needs begins to play a part in how children play and share with others, they also become more helpful and like to help and cooperate. Unfamiliar surroundings and new adults become less daunting and a feeling of new independance allows a child to be more confident.
From four to seven a lot of learning has taken place and a child should now better understand how the world works especially between people and relationships. Making friends and sharing in group games is easier but they may still need help resolving any disputes. A child should begin to take responsibility for their own actions, they will start to develop an understanding of rules but may still find it hard to