At any accident or any emergency we must do the first part of the first aid which is primary survey also known as the drab procedures:
Danger- makes sure it is safe for you before going to help the casualty example:
Switch of electricity at the mains or plug before touching the casualty or move the wire away with a wooden stick because if you use a mental stick then you might get electrocuted.
Response- shout or tap the collar bone or pinch the ear or the upper arm and then use the AVPU code
Airway- use two fingers and put it under the chin. The heel of the hand on the forehead and then tilt it back. We do this because we make the casualty doesn’t swallow their own tongue.
Breathing- look of the chest movement and feel for breaths for 10 seconds. Identify and treat any life threatening breathing problems. If the casualty is unconscious and not breathing then you must perform CPR.
Airway – open the airway (removes tongue from back of throat)
Two fingers under chin, heel of the hand on forehead and then tilt the head back.
If breathing is present you would then do a secondary survey which includes a top to toe. Check for bleeding/broken bones/burns etc. check also for clues like medical alert bracelet/necklace indicating the casualty suffers from epilepsy or diabetes, asthma inhaler, auto injector medicines.
Emergency help line
The emergency phone line is either 999 or 112.
Before you actually phone up you need to make sure you know the location of the emergency and the telephone number.
The person that will speak to you first will be the telephone operator, who will ask whether you require the ambulance, fire or police services.
If you are requiring for the ambulance then your call will be connected to the ambulance dispatch centre, you will be asked where you want the ambulance to go. An ambulance will be sent as soon as possible
You should never cut the line of because the call handler will ask some questions about the accident including details about the conditions of the patients the information you provide will be relayed to the ambulance crew.
The call handler may provide advice about how you can help the patient, and you will also be required to confirm the location and number you are calling from.
Task 3 Asthma
Signs and symptoms
If the casualty is having difficulties in breathing
If the casualty is having difficulties speaking
If the casualty is turning blue on the face and lips
If the casualty is wheezing
Make sure you tell the…