March 23 2014
Cardiorespiratory Fitness is the ability to do vigorous, large muscle exercise over a long period of time. Tests to measure: distance runs, one mile walk, Pacer test. Muscular Strength is the amount of force that can be exerted by a single contraction of the muscle. Muscular Endurance is the ability to continue using certain muscles for a period of time. Tests to measure muscular fitness: curl ups, pull ups, flexed arm hang, push-ups, trunk lift. Flexibility is the ability of a join and a muscle group to move through a range of motion. Tests to measure: back saver sit and reach and shoulder stretch. Body Composition is the percent of body weight composed of fat compared to the percent that is composed of tissue, bone and muscle. Tests to measure: body fat skinfold measurement and BMI.
Cardiovascular Endurance is aerobic conditioning, like jogging, swimming and cycling, can help improve cardiovascular endurance. Muscle Strength exercises is bench press, leg press or bicep curl might be used to measure muscle strength. Muscle Endurance is cycling, step machines and sit up tests are often used to measure muscular endurance. Flexibility can be tested by stretching individual muscles or by performing exercises such as the lunge or the sit and reach. There are several tests that can be used to measure body composition; for example, the most reliable is underwater weighing, but due to the size and expense of the equipment, this type of test isn't common. Many doctors, gyms and health clubs use a pinch test instead.
Balance a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the maintenance of equilibrium while stationary or moving. Power a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the ability to the rate at which one can perform work. Speed a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the ability to perform a movement within a short period of time. Reaction Time a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the time elapsed between stimulation and the beginning of the reaction to it. Coordination is a skill-related component of physical fitness that relates to the ability to use the senses, such as sight and hearing, together with body parts in performing motor tasks smoothly and accurately.
The 15 specific physical benefits of exercise are increased energy, Increased Self-Esteem, Increase Mental Focus, Decreased Risk of a Heart Attack, Decreased Risk of Osteoporosis, Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer, Increased Strength and Stamina, Reduced Depression, Decreased Stress Levels, Improved digestion, Enhances quality of sleep, Adds a sparkle and radiance to complexion, Improves body shape, Tones and firms muscles, Provides more muscular definition, Enables weight loss and keeps it off, Makes you limber, and Improves endurance.
Heat Exhaustion comes from dehydration and can lead to the potentially fatal heat stroke. When you get too hot the body’s reaction is to sweat for temperature control. Not replenishing these lost fluids properly can lead to more extreme heat exhaustion or even heat stroke. Heat Stroke is where the body’s ability to cool itself by sweating is shut down. All temperature control is removed and the body overheats. Much