PIE – * Performance * Image * Exposure
Communication Levels – * PHD * 6th Grade
Formal Groups – * Defined by the organization’s structure, designated work assignments and tasks. * Appropriate behaviors defined by and directed towards organizational goals.
Stages in Group Development – * Forming – Define group’s purpose, structure, and leadership. * Storming –Conflict as individuals resist control and disagree over leadership. * Norming – Close relationships occur as the group becomes cohesive and establishes its norms for acceptable behavior. * Performing – A fully functional group structure allows the group to focus on performing the task at hand. * Adjourning – The group prepares to disband and is no longer concerned with high levels of performance.
Internal Variables Affecting Group Behavior * Competencies and traits of members * Group Structure * Size of the group * Cohesiveness and level of intragroup conflict * Internal pressures to conform to the group’s norms
Group Behavior Model
Group Think –
The extensive pressure of others in a strongly cohesive or threatened group that causes individual members to change their opinions to conform to that of the group.
Group Size and Outcomes – * Small Groups – Complete tasks faster and make more effective use of facts * Large Groups – Solve problems better, good for getting diverse input, better at fact finding * Social Loafing – The tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively.
Advantages/Disadvantages of group decision making * Advantages * Generates more complete information and knowledge * Generates more diverse alternatives * Increases acceptance of a solution