Health Psychology Essay

Submitted By lemberry
Words: 352
Pages: 2

1. What Personality factors are associated with good health? (personality: heredity) - Positive states: extraversion + positive effects - Optimism vs. pessimist - Conscientiousness - Internal locus of control/hardiness
2. What personality factors are associated with bad health? - Neuroticism/negative affect - Type A Behavior - Hostility/Disagreeableness
3. Explaining the link between personality and health - Stress, Physiological mechanisms, Coping Strategies, Social Support, Health habits, Self report
4. What is Social Support? - Social network - Perceived social support: emotional support, belongingness support, Instrumental/tangible support, informational/appraisal support, esteem/validational support - Received social support
5. What is the link between social support and health? - Psychological well-being - Physical well-being
6. How does social support lead to better health? | Social Support -> Stress appraisal + Coping + Health Behavior -> Health outcome | - Cardiovascular system - Immune System - Neuroendocrine System
7. When does social support lead to better health? - Buffering hypothesis - Direct effect hpothesis
8. Women receive and benefit from social support more than men.
9. What factors lead to the social support-health link?

[OUTLINE]
1. What personality factors are associate with good health?
2. What personality factors are associate with bad health?
3. Explain the link between personality and health.

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1. Healthy personality factors - Optimism □ Associated with better mental physical health □ Less stressful □ Caution: could be reverse causation! Healthy people are more optimistic of their…