Substances which inhibits growth and development of micro-organisms.
Absence of germs.
A piece of equipment used to sterilize equipment/materials by ‘steam under pressure’.
A micro-organism that needs food and water to survive.
An agent that destroys/kills bacteria.
The prevention of bacteria from growing and multiplying, but it doesn’t necessary destroy them.
Cleaning using detergents helps to remove micro-organisms.
Using disinfectants when cleaning helps to destroy the structure of the organism.
Mosby’s definition is; “an organism in which another, usually parasitic, organism is nourished and harboured”.
The bodies ability to resist both living and non-living agents that can cause disease.
Mosby’s definition is; “…, pertaining to an immune response that has been weakend by a disease or an immuo suppressive agent”.
The time between infection and the appearance of symptoms of the disease.
Mosby’s definition is; “invasion of the body by pathogenic micro-organisms that reproduce and multiply, causing disease by local cellular injury, secretion of a toxic, or antigen-antibody reaction in the host”.
An infection that is limited to a specific part of the body and has local symptoms.
The initial infection.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine states; “Illness caused by a new bacteria, viruses, or fungi becoming established in the wake of an initial infection”.
Mosby’s definition is; “an infection occurring during antimicrobial treatment for another infection”.
An infection that is spread throughout the body rather that in an isolated area.
They are usually microscropic and are 6 major groups, 1. Bacteria 2. Viruses 3. Protozoa 4. Fungi 5. Algae 6. Parasites
Disease causing any micro-orgaisim.
Completely free of all micro-organisms and their spores.
Can not cause disease.
Prevention or protection from disease.
The ability of an agent of infection to produce disease.
Invasion of a part of the body by a pathogenic micro-organisms which multiply in number.
A micro-organism which causes disease in a susceptible individual.
The ability of micro-organisms to cause disease.
Micro-organisms which reside in particular parts of our bodies without causing us harm.
Infections associated with the delivery of health care in a health care service.
The ward you are working on has one large sharps container in the medication room. Staff bring their sharps back to this room from wherever they have used them.
Why is this procedure unsatisfactory?
Sharps should be disposed of straight away as it can cause potential exposure to infections and injuries, not only to the nurse but to the patient, other workers and visitors.
What steps can be taken to make this safe?
Instead of having 1 large sharps container have several smaller sharps containers that nursing staff could use.
How would you go about having this altered?
I would first speak to my nursing unit manager about instead of having 1 large sharps container about having several smaller sharps containers that the nursing staff could take into the rooms with them. If the nursing unit manager would not listen I would approach the Occupational Health and Safety Officer about policies and procedures not being meet.
You are working with a new staff member and notice they are wearing a bracelet and artificial nails. What information would you give the new staff member regarding client safety and infection control for both the bracelet and nails?
I would ask if the new