CHAPTER 14 Leadership: is the ability to influence a group towards the achievement of goals. MANAGEMENT is the use of authority inherent in designated formal rank to obtain compliance from organizational members. HISTORY OF LEADERSHIP: Traditional - Trait – Behavioral – Contingency (Followers, Positive, Dark Side)[Parenthesis is Contemporary]. TRAIT THEORIES are theories that consider personality, social, physical, or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from non-leaders. BEHAVIORAL THEORIES are theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate effective leaders from ineffective ones. OSS (Consideration (creating mutual respect or trust and focuses on a concern for group members’ needs and desires) and Initiating Structure (organizes and defines what group members should be doing to maximize output)) vs. U of M (Behavioral differences between effective and ineffective leaders)[Consider action and Initiating Structure, vs. Relationship Oriented and Production Oriented]. CONTINGENCY THEORIES states that there is no best way to organize a corporation, to lead a company, or to make decisions. Best course of action is dependent on the internal and external situation. FOLLOWER THEORIES – this has to do with the In-group (PARTNERSHIP; if the workers like the leader they consider him part of the “group”) and the Out-group (NO MUTUAL TRUST; leader doesn’t get along well and is considered external to the “team/group”). TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP leaders are those who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by the clarifying role task requirements. It focuses on interpersonal interactions between managers and employees; we have Contingent Reward, Management by Exception (Active), Management by Exception (Passive) – “I don’t do anything until you do something wrong”, and Laissez-Faire – “Avoidance of leadership”. TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP leaders are leader who motivate employees to transcend self-interests to pursue organizational goals and to perform beyond expectations. It transforms employees to pursue organizational goals over self-interests; we have Inspirational Motivation (inspire and motivate through emotional and support appeals; Strong vision based on values/ideals), Idealized Influence (Gains respect and trust through charisma; high standards of moral and ethical conduct), Intellectual Stimulation (Awareness of problems & solutions; stirs imagination; encourages divergent thinking), and Individualized Consideration (gives personal attention; treats each employee individually; coaches, advises). It is positively related to Important Outcomes: performance, effectiveness, job satisfaction, leader satisfaction, organizational commitment, and follower motivation. LEADER TRAIT is a physical or personality characteristic that can be used to differentiate leaders from followers. Effective leaders have: Intelligence, dominance, self-confidence, level of energy and activity, and task-relevant knowledge. Bad leaders have: incompetent, rigid, intemperate, callous, corrupt, insular, and evil. IMPLICIT LEADERSHIP THEORY is the idea that people have beliefs about how leaders should behave and what they should do for their followers. LEADERSHIP PROTOTYPE is a mental representation of the traits and behaviors that people believe are possessed by leaders. SITUATIONAL THEORIES propose that the effectiveness of a particular style of leader behavior depends on the situation. APPLYING SITUATIONAL THEORIES, (1) Identify important outcomes, (2) identify relevant leadership types/behaviors, (3) Identify situational conditions, (4) Match Leadership to the conditions at hand, (5) Determine how to make the match. SHARED LEADERSHIP entails a simultaneous mutual influence process in which individuals share responsibility regardless of formal roles. SERVANT LEADERSHIP focuses on increased service to others rather than to oneself. Fielder effectiveness depends on the appropriate match between leadership
Jeffrey Moore HRDV 2301
Summer II 2013
A major HRM function, human resource development, refers to performance appraisal and training activities. The basic goal of appraisal is to provide feedback to employees concerning their performance. This feedback allows them to evaluate the appropriateness of their behavior in the eyes of their coworkers and managers, correct weaknesses, and improve their contribution. HRM professionals…
Leadership is about leading a group of people or an organization.
In its essence, leadership in an organizational role involves establishing a clear vision. Sharing that vision with others so that they will follow willingly.
"It is the process of influencing the activities of an organized group in its efforts toward goal setting and goal achievement". (ch.19 pg 596)Leadership is about influencing the behavior of the others.
"one cannot be a leader without followers, and followers…
Path-goal theory was originally developed by Evans (1970) and later modified by House (1971). The theory was designed to identify a leader’s most practiced leadership style as motivation to get subordinates to accomplish goals. The path-goal theory reinforces the idea that motivation plays an important part in how a supervisor and a subordinate interact and, based on that interaction, the overall success of the subordinate (House, 1971). To test whether employee productivity and motivation is linked…
There a numerous leadership theories that help manage a successful business. These theories include techniques that have been developed and constantly improving since 1888. Theorists such as Thomas Carlyle, Kurt Lewin, and James Kouze, have developed characteristics they believe will shape the leaders of tomorrow. These characteristics are structured together to create theories based on personality, relationships, and developmental styles. The following will provided an organized…
that natural tendency to get more involved in the lives of their employee’s. “A leader leads based on the strengths, not titles.”(Benincasa,1)
We can break-down the definition of leadership as” influencing people to follow in the achievement of a goal.”(Hersey,62) Another reflection of me being a true leader is my approach to it. I often offer any help that I can and give the employee the most simple”step by step” directions possible to complete whatever it is they are working on. A lot of times…
The Young Change Agents
Every organizational structures and practice has the role of the change agent and it plays a significant part in organization. A case like ‘The Young Change Agents’ focuses on the change leader and the bottom of the ladder. Following by that in this case study James Shaw who joined AIESEC- world largest student-run international student exchange and development organization and his main responsibilities were recruiting, training, motivating…
Strategy, Execution, and Culture
Prof. Angela Rembert
January 8, 2015
Influencing Organizational Performance
Leaders in any form, be it faculty or management roles in an organization, require a certain amount of discipline while also focusing on being well-rounded. There are many instances where leadership roles place values and beliefs of an organization within the realm of culture in order to create strategy that is going to boost productivity and efficiency. Culture…
Final Paper-Organization and Management Analysis of the movie: Glengarry Glen Ross
Glengarry Glen Ross is a 1992 film adaptation of a play by David Mamet. The film depicts four salesmen pressed to sell the Glengarry Highlands and Glen Ross Farms real estate properties. It is assumed that Mitch and Murray, the unseen business owners, are unhappy with the sales performance of the office, as they send a motivational speaker, named Blake.
June 10, 2013
Team work is defined as “work done by a number of associates with usually each doing a clearly defined portion but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole” (teamwork). The goal is to create a common ground while working with each other to solve a problem. This paper will discuss creating a plan for positive influence. It will address the differences in attitudes, emotions, personalities, and values as well as how each difference…
Change Management and Communication Plan
February 4, 2013
Change Management and Communication Plan
Riordan Manufacturing has decided to make a change to company’s customer management system. The company does not currently have any formal system for managing their customer information and has traditionally left this up to individual employees. This new system will require all employees to use one customer management system. Your team is now working to help Riordan implement…