Antin, M. (1914). A little Jewish girl in the Russian Pale, 1890. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/1890antin.asp Primary source account of Antin’s experiences as a young girl in the Russian Pale. Speaks to antiSemitism and reasons behind the Russian Revolution. Bosin, Y.V. (2009). Pugachev’s rebellion, 1773-1775. In I. Ness (Ed.). International encyclopedia of revolution and protest. (pp. 2775-2776). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.unm.edu/~ybosin/documents/pugachev.pdf Short summary of Pugachev’s peasant uprising in Russia. Bradford, W. (c. 1650). History of the Plymouth Plantation. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/1650bradford.asp Primary source excerpts from Bradley’s personal journal detailing the voyage on the Mayflower and the first years of the Plymouth plantation. British Broadcasting Corporation. (2008). Rwanda: How the genocide happened. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230.stm Summary of the Rwandan genocide with historical background. Bunyan, J. (1678). The pilgrim’s progress. London: Nath. Ponder. Retrieved from http://records.viu.ca/~johnstoi/eng200/pilgrim.htm Allegorical English Protestant standard bearer speaks to relationship between religion and Enlightenment ideals. Columbus, C. (n.d.). Columbus’ letter to the King and Queen of Spain. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/columbus2.asp Letter concerning the colonization of new lands. Speaks to mercantilism and plantation. Conrad, J. (1902). Heart of darkness. London: J.M. Dent & Sons. Retrieved from http://etext.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/ConDark.html Fictional work details the darker aspects of imperialism. Speaks to the mistreatment of indigenous populations and the “civilizing” mission of imperialists.
Cortes, H. (1520). Second letter to Charles V. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/1520cortes.asp Primary source description of Mexico, the land, and its inhabitants through the lens of Cortes. de Champlain, S. (1608). The foundation of Quebec. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/1608champlain.asp Primary source account of Samuel de Champlain’s voyage for France. Dickens, C. (1854). Hard times. London: Bradbury and Evans. Retrieved from http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/DicHard.html Fictional account of Industrial Revolution in England as seen through Dickens’ industrial Coketown. Speaks to many aspects of the Industrial Revolution, including economic inequality and social conditions. Engels, F. (1844). The condition of the working-class in England in 1844. London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co. pp. 45, 48-53. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1844engels.asp Excerpt from Engels’ chapter, “The Great Towns” underscores the growth of consumer culture and the rise of economic inequality in industrial Manchester. England. (1689). Toleration Act. Retrieved from http://www.jacobite.ca/documents/1689toleration.htm Primary source document offering religious toleration to segments of population not affiliated with the Church of England. Ferry, J. (1884). On French colonial expansion. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/1884ferry.asp Selection from a speech by the Prime Minister of France detailing the European duty to “civilize” the “lower races” of colonial nations. Fordham University Modern History Sourcebook. (1997). Salon life. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/18salons.asp Selections from memoirs illustrate the salon culture of the Enlightenment. Fordham University Modern History Sourcebook. (1997). Social conditions in 17th century France. Retrieved from http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/17france-soc.asp Short primary source excerpts describing social conditions in 17th century France. Fordham University Modern History Sourcebook. (1998). Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859): On Empire and education. Retrieved from