Origins of Christianity Essay

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Study Guide for Unit Examination 1
Origins of Christianity
Fall 2013
Dr. Ron Roberts


So you will also need a pencil.

Layout of the Exam:
Multiple Choice – approximately 75% of exam
Fill-In the Blank – approximately 10% of exam
Very Short Essay – approximately 15% of exam

Multiple Choice Items:2
Taken from the readings and lectures.

Word bank for Fill-In the Blank:

Common Era

Covenant- yahwehs choosen people believed that hessed( faithful covenant love) defined the character of god


Exegesis- process of bible study Exegesis- audience-focused, not author focused

Essenes- essenes lived in self contained communities that emphazied shared foods, common life,and observance of the torah

Form criticism- type of historical criticism form- identify the different forms used in creation of the document

Gospel- Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John new testament

Hellenism- Greek culture became dominant cultural force

Hermeneutics- type of bible study readers reflect upon messages communicated to the original audience so that the meaning of the word of god can shape and reshape the daily life of todays Christians in their own time and place (minority of scholars form both fundamentalist and ultra-liberal sides claim that hermeneutics is possible without exegesis)

Ideological criticism- concentrates on a modern socio-political perspective typically used in tandem with critical perspectives, often relies on modern literary, philosophical, and political theory ex- feminist, post-colonnial- gay LBTQ blurs lines between exegesis and hermeneutics

Lectio divina- was the first main way to interpret the bible

Literary criticism- examines text as literature analyzing genre or type characters and structure and biblical book is compared to similar ancient writings • uses modern literary theory and critical techniques • identifies ancient literary conventions to study biblical books (themes symbols genre ect) • contains subsets- narrative, reader response

Kethuvim- Jews have 3 major divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures, Torah, Nevi’im, and Kethuvim.- writings- histrocial and wisdoms writings 3rd important

Myth- The literary genre of myth a. purpose of myth is to explain, portray god, or hold a community together b. myth based on fact: 1. story of exodus is a real myth based on facts 2. still concerned with symbolic truth c. fictional stories as myth 1. the creation myth- describes divine beings and how they created the earth by defies laws of earth 2. enuma elish creation myth of ancient Babylonia

Nevi’im- Jews have 3 major divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures, Torah, Nevi’im, and Kethuvim. 2nd important- prophets- encourage isrealites to be faithful in relationship with yahweh

Pax Romana- Beginning under Caesar Augustus, relative peace was established in the Mediterranean
Stable transportation network: roads and ships
Relative stable economy, but extremely high taxation
Caesar was lord of the civilize world according to official and unofficial propaganda
But Christians proclaimed Christ as lord

Pharisees- Pharisees accepted oral traditions sadducees did not- Pharisees- laymen mostly from common people and accepted oral torah as well as written torah. Accepted resurrectio

Redaction criticism- why the editor combined them in a certain way

Revelation- v2 Timothy 3:16: All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for proof, for correction and for training in righteousness

Rhetorical criticism- uses modern and ancient rhetorical theory and practice to study the form function and message of a biblical text, often used with literary critical methods

Sadducess- Sadducees- members of aristocracy and