Philosophy: Define Metaphysics Essay

Submitted By Randooshka94
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2. Define metaphysics. Choose two thinkers from class and explain how they contend with the problem of reality. How do they understand reality, and what do they offer as alternatives to reality; that is, if everything is not real, then what else is there? How does their analysis of first philosophy implicate and predicate other aspects of their philosophical projects (epistemology, physics, ethics, ontology, politics, and hermeneutics)?

Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world. Aristotle's Metaphysics was divided into three parts:
1. Ontology: The study of being and existence; includes the definition and classification of entities, physical or mental, the nature of their properties, and the nature of change.
2. Natural Theology: The study of a God or Gods; involves many topics, including among others the nature of religion and the world, existence of the divine, questions about Creation, and the numerous religious or spiritual issues that concern humankind in general.
3. Universal science: The study of first principles, such as the law of noncontradiction (logic), which Aristotle believed were the foundation of all other inquiries
Aristotle’s empiricism is if you can see it, hear it, and experience it, then it is real. Plato on the other hand who is a rationalist explains that if it is physical, then it does not matter and it is not the truth or the reality. It is all about the logic and reason. Also, according to Plato, you can have knowledge of forms, ideas, justice, good, beautiful, and