This paper will discuss four management functions: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. All of these functions are what every good manager does whether he/she knows it. All of these functions have the same importance and work cohesively. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of these four functions and how they can improve ones management skills and the role each function has in management.
Planning is the beginning of any function, whether it is car design, catering, disaster relief, or starting a new division or company it is necessary to plan what needs to be done without planning the end results could be chaos. In Reference for Business they give a fine definition; planning is the function of management
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Once communications were up the mayor was able to talk to the outside world; he pleaded, nearly begged for help from the federal government. President Bush dragged his feet as well the governor of Louisiana. Meanwhile, people are drowning, looting, and starving. The mayor soon realized he was alone and was the only person helping the situation. In other words, there was no planning at any level even after scientist said that if a big hurricane came that the levee protecting New Orleans would not be able to hold back the rising water. Without planning it is impossible to go to the next phase. This was the downfall of the disaster relief of New Orleans, Louisiana after it devastated Hurricane Katrina. Whoever was in charge, which was never established could not get out of the planning stage. A plan could be pictured like various pieces of a puzzle that need to be arranged in an orderly fashion. Best results are obtained if the same people that did the planning do the organizing, once the plan is made it leads to the next function, organizing.
Planning is as important as the next step, organizing. Organizing is the managerial function of arranging people and resources to work toward a goal. The purposes of organizing include but are not limited to determining the tasks to be performed in order to achieve objectives, dividing tasks into specific jobs, grouping jobs into departments, specifying reporting and authority relationships, delegating