Political Science Essay examples

Submitted By Michelle1189
Words: 1459
Pages: 6

Political Science
KGA
9/10/2013
Political Science
Project 1
KGA
9//10/2013

Fascism

Communism

Socialism Democratic

Philosophy:
No single philosophy. The state must gain glory through constant conquest, aka war. Belief that the past was glorious, and that the State can be renewed.
Free-access to the articles of consumption is made possible by advances in technology that allow for super-abundance Emphasis on profit being distributed among the society or workforce in addition to receiving a wage.

Economic System:
Focused on glorifying and strengthening the State. Both Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany attempted to pursue self-sufficiency.
Wealth redistributed so that everyone in society is given equal shares of the benefits derived from labor. All means of production are controlled by the state.
Wealth redistributed so that everyone in society is given somewhat equal shares of the benefits derived from labor, but people can earn more if they work harder. Means of production are controlled by the workers themselves.

Ideas:
Union between businesses and the State, with the state telling the business what to do, with private ownership. Also Known as National-Socialism.
Human societies have always been divided into warring classes. The Industrial Revolution has enriched the wealthy and impoverished the poor. The workers must overthrow the bourgeois.
All people should be given an equal opportunity to succeed. Workers should have most say in their factory's management. The free market suffers from problems like tragedy of the commons. Government regulation is necessary.

Economic Coordination:
People control businesses properly, but Government makes business decisions.
Government controls all business, as well as Business decisions.
Planned-Socialism relies principally on planning to determine investment and production decisions. Planning may be centralized or decentralized. Market-socialism relies on markets for allocating capital to different socially-owned enterprises.

Political System:
One charismatic leader has absolute authority. Often the symbol of the state.
No leader, directed directly by the people. This has never been actually practiced, and has just used a one-party system.
Multiple parties, but the ruling party usually goes by the name "Socialist".

Political Movements:
Nazism, Falangism
Leninism, Trotskyism, Marxism-Leninism, Maoism, Left-Communism
Democratic Socialism, Communism, Libertarian Socialism, Anarchism, Syndicalism

Social Structure:
Strict class structure believed necessary to prevent chaos. Everyone has a specific, defined role. While a certain race is considered superior, individuality among members of that race is discouraged.
All class distinctions are eliminated.
Class distinctions are diminished

History:
Term coined by Mussolini in the 1920s when he gained control of Italy. Other major fascist regimes include the Nazi Party in Germany (1933-45), the National Union in Portugal (1934-68), and Francoist Spain (1936-1975).

Key elements:
Used to want to control the government, usually used by a harsh or demanding leader.
An enhanced form of the principle of "Production for use".
Economic activity and production especially are adjusted to meet human needs and economic demands. "Production for use": useful goods and services are produced specifically for their usefulness.

Discrimination:
Belief in one superior race (Nazism). Blames society’s problems on members of other races or social groups.
In theory, all members of the state are considered equal
The people are considered equal, laws are made when necessary to protect people from discrimination

Way of Change:
Change can only occur within the party and the system itself.
Government in a Communist-state is the agent of change rather than any market or desire on the part of consumers. Change…