Martin Luther was born to Hans and Margaretha Luther on the 10th of November, 1483, in Eisleben, Germany. Martin started off life as a simple peasant in a miner’s family, but Hans Luther, Martin’s dad, knew that mining was a tough business and wanted a better future for his son. At age 7 Martin Luther entered a school in Mansfeld, and at age 14 he went to north Magdeburg, where he studied to become a lawyer. In 1501, Martin Luther entered the University of Erfurt, where he received a Master of Arts degree, and at that time, he seemed to be destined to actually become a lawyer. However, in July 1505, Luther had an extraordinary life-changing experience that set him on his course to become one of the most famous Christian reformers of all time. Although Martin Luther’s idea of becoming a monk was greatly opposed by his father, he felt that it was his destiny to be a person of God. The first few years Martin Luther spent in a monastery were difficult for him, and he didn’t necessarily experience the religious enlightenment he had hoped to find. At the age of 27, Martin Luther was offered an opportunity to be a delegate to a church conference in Rome, but left later because of the corruption and spiritual immorality he witnessed among the Catholic priests. He later enrolled in the University of Wittenburg to try and suppress his religious turmoil. Martin Luther eventually received a doctorate and became a professor at the university. Beginning in 1513, Martin began to teach the word of God, and one day, Martin read his lecture on the Epistle of Paul to the Romans, he read, “the just will live by faith”. He turned this statement over and over in his mind and finally came to the idea that the key to spiritual salvation was not to fear God or rigorously practice religious dogma, but to just have faith and faith alone will bring salvation. This realization changed Martin Luther’s life and set him on the course of the Protestant Reformation. On October 31, 1517, after being fed up with the corruption and immorality of the Catholic Church, Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the church door at Wittenburg, accusing the Catholic Church of heresy and religious immorality. These ninety-five theses contained strong critiques and opposition towards the selling of indulgences and how they were corrupting people’s faith.…
participation. One of the major leaders of the Protestant reformation was John Calvin. He was born and educauted in France and believed that the Bible held supreme authority. Some must see places are the Eiffel tower, Notre Dane Cathedral and the Louve Museum.
Rome was one of the italisn city states and was also held an important role in the renaissance. The city was a center of learning and well as the arts. Rome had also held a part in the counter Reformation as well since Rome was controlled by the…
In the 16th century the Protestant Reformation divided the Roman Catholic Church. This reform was led by Martin Luther whose original intentions were to reform the church, but resulted in a split between Protestant and Catholic. Soon the Protestant Church itself divided resulting in two more churches, one Protestant, and the other reformed church. The Reformation began when Martin Luther posted his Ninety-Five theses against the indulgences of the Church…
he Reformation began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church, by priests who opposed what they perceived as false doctrines and ecclesiastic malpractice—especially the teaching and the sale of indulgences or the abuses thereof, and simony, the selling and buying of clerical offices—that the reformers saw as evidence of the systemic corruption of the Church's Roman Catholic Church hierarchy, which included the Pope.
In Germany, reformation ideals developed in 1517-1521 when Martin Luther…
Test #3 Notes
Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformations
(REL 1350 Weaver)
Depression; overwhelmed by God’s wrath
Health issues, constipation from devil
Thunderstorm-“St. Anne, help me, I’ll become a _Monk_” ultimate devotion to God
Monastic Life: No peace about salvation still angry and scared of God
Ordered monastic lifestyle
Treasury of merit
University of Wittenburg…
brought along the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century. The main cause for the Reformation came from religion and the belief of corruption in the Catholic Church. Church officials were becoming selfish and had self-interest and not for the church. So this caused most Christians to fight for the equality they believed they deserved in the church.
The fact that basically all catholic churches at the time were corrupt is one of the main factors that caused people like Martin Luther to rise up…
"Martin, do you or do you not repudiate these books and the falsehoods they contain?" The question posed by the papal legate required an answer. The place was the Diet of Worms. The time was April 1521. The person standing before the papal legate and the assembled leaders of the Holy Roman Empire was a friar named Martin Luther. How would Luther answer the legate's question? Luther's answer was based upon his life-long focus upon one subject - the quest for personal salvation. As a devout Catholic…
November 20, 2012
Ulrich Zwingli: Swiss Reformer
Ulrich Zwingli was a highly regarded Swiss Protestant leader during the era of the church reformation, and he actually played a significant role in the breaking up of the Roman Catholic Church, thus setting up the protestant wing. He is in fact ranked in the third place after Martin Luther and John Calvin with regard to the protestant reformers. Initially Zwingli was a Roman Catholic cleric in the state of Zurich, a Swiss city, and his main…
meant that they were not behaving like a church should. However, no major movement had started to change this for over 3 centuries.Why did nothing happen for so long? That is because there are many important events which eventually led up to the Reformation.
First of all, European kings were gaining more power. Trade increased because of the Crusades and the tax money went to the kings. Crusaders brought back riches from Muslim lands and traded it. Because the kings had more money, they could control…
Chapter 3: The Two Reformations
---The Northern Renaissance
Renaissance was only in Italy, N. Europe enjoyed very little economic or cultural vitality
1460- Humanism began to influence scholars in Northern Europe
Northern art and humanism
art emphasized decorative detail, and extreme realism, and no nudes
Albrecht Durer was drawn to Italy to learn how to depict human form. Went to Venice 2 times to study Italian painters(most famous northern renaissance painter)
Spread of cultural values…