Leadership can be defined as a process by which an individual influences other individuals towards the attainment of goal or organizational goals. Effective leadership behaviour can be characterised by the ability of the leader to influence and motivate the activities of the group and by initiating the structures such as goal setting which enable the group to successfully overcome the problems and achieve their goals. Leaders should have a specific manner and style of providing direction, implementing plans and motivating people. This is considered as a leadership style. All organizations are different and they face different situations and they require different ways of managing. Contingency approaches are the theories that explain the relationship between leadership styles and effectiveness in specific situations. The contingencies most important to leadership are the situation and the followers. There are several models for the leadership which includes Fiedler’s contingency model, Hersey and Blanchard’s situational theory, Path Goal theory, and The Vroom- Jago Contingency model. These contingency approaches examine the leadership styles that can be used effectively. Task behaviour and the relationship behaviour are the two basic leadership behaviours that can be adjusted to address various contingencies. Path goal theory is a type of contingency approach to leadership .It is also called as a path goal theory of leader effectiveness. This theory describes the way the leader encourages and supports their followers in achieving their goals. The theory states that the leader’s behaviour is contingent to motivation, satisfaction and performance of the subordinates. Leadership styles that are associated with this type of theory include achievement oriented, directive, supportive and participative leadership. In directive leadership specific advice is given to the group and rules and structure are established such as clarifying expectations. In supportive leadership good relations are promoted between the leaders and the employees. In participative leadership decision is made by discussing and sharing the ideas with the employees. In achievement oriented leadership goals which are challenging are set and high performance is encouraged. The article “A path goal theory of Leader effectiveness” by Dr. Robert J House explains the influence of the leader behaviour on the employee’s performance, motivation and satisfaction. According to the article there are two behavioural dimensions for the leadership which includes initiating structure and the consideration. Leader initiating structure is used to describe the things such as assigning particular tasks, clarifying the expectations of other employees. Leader consideration is used to describe the degree to which the leader creates a supportive environment such as being friendly and helping others. Initiating structure is directly related to the performance and satisfaction. The leader through his own behaviour can provide the support for the subordinate’s efforts. The leader should be supportive in times of stress. The leader should encourage in subordinate’s wide variety of tasks. From the theory many hypotheses are derived. Leader initiating structure can be hypothesized to clarify the path goal relationships. Such clarification increases the subordinate’s effort in attaining the goal achievement. Leader consideration serves as a stress reliever as pressure for output increases and as tasks become more unsatisfying.
The path goal theory is the best approach in contingency approach to leadership. In this the effective leaders will provide valued rewards for the followers. The leaders will help the subordinates to find the
generally expressing stories. When a story is told it must be significant and should stand for something that comprehends useful concepts that the person who reads can practice in their future. A good quality of good literature is being attention-grabbing by just seeing the paperback cover, if you have people recommending it for you to read or if the designed outline offered is memorable and readers may become betrothed to it by analyzing the summary. Basically literature can be in any method and…
take a closer look at past. There are some differences between now and past. At first, the way we read books has changed. In the past we read a printed book but now we read books online. Reading online books could reduce the ability of readers. Then, in the past, we had to go to library to get information we want. Now everything is changed, if we need some information, the only thing we should do is open our computer click something you want to search. Most of information would be found quickly…
because I didn’t have to have people read to me all the time. People still read to me but I have some freedom that I could read to myself and by myself. In 1st grade, the first book I read was a book called Charlotte’s Web. It was a good book. Some words I didn’t know so I had to ask the teacher for help. Then I saw the movie. Then I began reading more books as I got older. Now I read a lot of books. I love reading. I read every second that I can get. I love to read romance books, adventure books, scary…
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Texts and Other Required Materials
Words & Ideas. Edited by William J. Dominik. Bolchazy-Carducci…
guidelines in your study/preparation habits for this course.
1. READ: The questions found on both the practice and actual concepts chapter tests are derived from the
corresponding chapters. It is strongly recommended that you read your chapters before reviewing the chapter
slide presentations. It is also strongly recommended that you read the chapter before attempting any practice
a. Read before viewing presentations.
b. Read before attempting practice tests.
2. Take as many practice tests…
goals, one short-term and one long-term.
• Long-term reading goal: To build a better plan for active reading.
• Short-term reading goal: To build my vocabulary.
Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following questions:
• How do you currently approach the weekly readings in the course?
Reading for me has always been a struggle. I cannot seem to get interested enough to have a positive active plan for reading course books, novels etc.
Currently I have the worst way to…
work, whatever your major and for whatever work you choose to do later on. Particular topics will include general problem-solving strategies, the care and feeding of good arguments, bogus reasoning and how to demolish it, the power and pitfalls of elementary statistics, science vs. pseudoscience, basic probability and decision theory, useful conceptual heuristics and dangerous conceptual biases. We'll be talking both about how people do think and how we can think better.
The aim of the course…
middle school, or even high school, in college all academic responsibilities are yours ― not your parent’s, not your advisors’ or your professor’s. If you have a problem, are falling behind, or have questions it is your responsibility to get help. Do not delay; you will be further behind and at the end of the semester it is too late.
Set yourself up to succeed. It is your responsibility to plan your schedule and choose the courses that you take. If you have trouble with this, go back to your advisor…
works with students who are reading below grade level and do not have an IEP. Recently, we have attained an aide that is also working with students who need extra support. Their are two special education teachers for the primary grades and secondary grades. Of my target population 5 students are receiving additional help from these personnel.
Prior Knowledge of Topic
Students need to make connections to text as they read. When they do this their comprehension increases. By connecting what they…