Rousseau, and Adam Smith. Social Contract ;is a theory or model, originating during the Age of Enlightenment, that typically addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. John Locke ;, was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of
Enlightenment thinkers and known as the "Father of Classical Liberalism". Philosphe ; were the intellectuals of the 18th century Enlightenment. Few were primarily philosophers; rather,philosophes were public intellectuals who applied reason to the study of many areas of learning, including philosophy, history, science, politics, economics, and social issues. Voltaire ; was a French
writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion
, freedom of expression
and separation of church and state
Montesquieu ; was a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment. Rousseau ; was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought.