Essay on History: World War Ii and War

Submitted By shanc111
Words: 1558
Pages: 7

VE day – (victory on europe) germany surrendered on may 7, 1945 and the war in europe during the wwII war was officially over.
Desert Fox – nickname given to general erwin rommel (german); fought in wwII.
Operation Overlord – It began with D-day and continued as the conflict between Germany and allied forces in the Western front increased. Significant as a successful push against Germany.
Operation Torch – This was the British- American invasion of French North africa.Signficant in its effect on the war.
SEATO – This organization didn't established a defense/ military. Significant as an alliance of non-communist Asian nations.
Ho Chi Minh – North Vietnamese leader had traveled Europe, was a communist and was educated in Moscow. Significant in his resistance against the Japanese and the French
Vietnamization –
Iron Curtain – national barrier in germany separating the former soviet bloc and the west prior to the decline of communism that followed the political events in eastern europe in 1989.
Neil Armstrong – first person to land on the moon Apollo 11
Bay of Pigs – an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961. it's purpose was to overthrow cuban dictator fidel castro. it was sponsored by the u.sKhrushchev – soviet statesman and premier who denounced stalin.
U2 – a line on the berlin u-bahn.
North Korea – a country in the far east that occupies the northern part of the peninsula of korea.
17th Parallel – the military demarcation line established in vietnam by the geneva agreement on indochina of april 26, - july 21, 1954.
38th Parallel – the latitudinal line that approximately forms the boundary between north korea and south korea.
Yalu River – river in eastern asia; rises in North Korea and flows southwest to Korea Bay. also, a battle in the Korean War (nov 1950).
Ngo Dinh Diem – The First president of South Vietnam. Significant as he took control after the Battle of Dren Bren Phu
Tet Offensive – an offensive launched in january-february 1968 by the vietcong and the north vietnamese army
Gulf of Tonkin – August, 1964- After the U.S. Navy ship Maddux reportedly was fired on, the U.S. congress passed this resolution which gave the president power. Significant because it let the president send troops to vietnam.
Vietcong – a member of the communist guerrilla movement in vietnam that fought the south vietnamese government forces 1954-75. it had the support of the north vietnamese army and opposed the south vietnamese and u.s. forces in the vietnam war.
Vietminh – a member of a communist-dominated nationalist movement, formed in 1941, that fought for vietnamese independence from french rule.
Berlin Wall – In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
Cuban Missile Crisis – an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
Sputnik 1 – The first artificial satellite sent into space. Significant in that it was a successful mission to space.
Containment – This theory of dealing with communism was an attempt to keep it from spreading. Significant in that two wars were fought over it.
Triple Entente – an alliance between great britain, france, and russia.
Douglas MacArthur –
Manhattan project – the code name for the american project set up in 1942 to develop an atom bomb. the project culminated in 1945 with the detonation of the first nuclear weapon, at white sands in new mexico.
Uss Missouri –
Battle of Coral Sea – may/june 1942; american warships and airplanes severely damaged two japanese fleets during the battle of coral sea
Island Hopping – war tactic used by the allies against