Early Life Rosa Parks, born as Rosa Louise McCauley, was born on Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, 1913. She was born to the parents of Leona Edwards, who was a teacher, and James McCauley, a stonemason and a carpenter. Parks spent most of her childhood living with her mother's parents in Pine Level, a small town located in southeast Montgomery County. Parks started her education there in Pine Level in an all-black school that had fifty students and a single teacher. At the age of eleven, she was enrolled in the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls where she learnt to cook, sew, and take care of a house under the instruction of northern whites. At the age of sixteen, Parks was forced to quit school and take care of her mother. She cleaned houses for whites on the side for some extra money. At the age of twenty, Parks married Raymond Parks, a barber from Wedowee, Alabama (Galliard). When Parks first met Raymond, she tried to avoid him and wasn't very fond of him. Raymond was eventually able to talk to Parks and she ended up liking Raymond and they ended up married (Landden and Bowen). After marrying Raymond, Parks went back to school and worked to get her high school diploma. She received her high school diploma at the age of twenty-one. A Civil Rights Activist In 1943, although Raymond didn't approve of it, Parks started working for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She worked as a secretary and often worked long shifts. Parks liked working for the NAACP a lot and it ended up being a very good job. Later in the year, Parks had her first incident with a bus driver. It had been a rainy day and Rosa had been waiting for a bus to take her home. When the bus eventually arrived, she got on and paid the fare, but instead of getting back off the bus and walking back onto the bus through the back doors, she walked through the white section of the bus and sat down in her seat. Then, the bus driver got up and walked to the back of the bus where Parks was sitting. He demanded that she get off the bus and walk through the appropriate doors. "Rosa refused and after much quarrelling, she finally got off the bus and walked home in the pouring rain," (Landden and Bowen). As one may be able to see, at an early stage was already tired of being pushed around. She decided that she would rather walk home then do what the bus driver told her to do (Landden and Bowen). As Parks once said, "The more we [, the blacks,] gave in and complied, the worse they treated us" (Landden and Bowen). She had also said, "...we did not wish to continue being second-class citizens" (www.achievement.org). Parks was ready for change. Parks' involvement in the NAACP was huge. She worked with NAACP's state president, Edgar Daniel Nixon, to work on getting voter registration in Montgomery. In that same year, Parks was elected as the secretary of the Montgomery branch. In the 1950s, Parks had a part-time job working as a seamstress for Virginia and Clifford Durr who encouraged Rosa in her civil rights work (www.africanaonline.com). Leading up to the boycott, the NAACP was trying to test the segregation laws of Montgomery. One of the candidates to start the bus boycott was Claudette Culvin. She ended up getting pregnant and the NAACP knew that it would look bad in court with a pregnant, un-married woman. The next candidate was Loise Smith, but she gave in too easily. They finally selected Parks as their candidate. Even though Parks was a candidate to boycott the buses, her actual boycott was not planned, it just happened (Landden and Bowen). As Rosa Parks said herself, "A person should not take a stand to make history. Taking a stand for what is right is most important" (40-41).
The Montgomery Bus Boycott On Thursday, December 1, 1955, Parks' beliefs were shown to all. That evening, Parks boarded a crowded bus on her way home from work and took a seat in the colored section. At one of the…
Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama and died on October 24, 2005 at the age of 92 in Detroit, Michigan. She once said, “You must never be fearful about what you’re doing when it is right.” She is famous for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Rosa's childhood was greatly influenced by the Jim Crow laws of the South, which segregated white people from black people in almost every part of their daily lives. This included public restrooms, drinking fountains, education and transportation…
Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama on April 2, 1913. She was the granddaughter of former slaves and the daughter of James McCauley, a carpenter, and Leona McCauley, a rural schoolteacher. Upon the separation of her parents at the age of two, she moved to her maternal grandparents' farm in Pine Level, Alabama with her mother and younger brother, Sylvester. Rosa attended the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, a private school founded by several liberal women from northern…
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". Her birthday, February 4, and the day she was arrested, December 1, have both become Rosa Parks Day, commemorated in the U.S. states of California and Ohio.
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give…
for their freedom. Rosa Parks is an individual that created a strong impact mainly on African Americans, but also those people whom value freedom and equality.
Being raised in America as a Muslim, I completely understand the concept of being treated equally. Rosa Parks was a very brave woman who did not allow others to treat her any differently. A prime example of her bravery is the well-known Montgomery, Alabama bus experience as she stood up for herself. On this bus, Mrs. Parks sat in the section…
U.S Civil Rights Biographical study
Examine the importance of this individual within the movement and the significance of their words and actions in challenging the established social and political order.
Born in February the 4th 1913, Tuskegee, Alabama, United States.
Died October 24th 2005 aged 92, in Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Married Raymond Parks on December the 8th, 1932.
On Thursday, December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks had finally had enough of being treated as a second-class…
Rosa parks born in Feb 4, 1913. Rosa McCauley born in Tuskegee, Alabama. Tuskegee was not big place because three thousand people lived there. Rosa’s mother loved his teachings and raised Rosa to love them too. Rosa’s mother, Leona Edwards McCauley, was a teacher before Rosa born. Rosa’s father, James McCauley was car Pinter. He built beautiful houses, Rosa said but he often worked far from home and would be away for
10 February 2015
Out From the Ashes
In Rosa Parks, Douglas Brinkley uses details describing Park's home and religious
background, along with those similar to her to show almost a respectful attitude and interest toward his
subject. Brinkley goes on in the first paragraph to raise Rosa McCauley up and put her name right along
with other great, well-known African Americans, such as, Booker T. Washington, Ralph Ellison and
the best passage to convey Rosa Park because it shows that Clinton was very much in appreciation with Rosa’s heroism. Based on evidence, it says that, “ I was honored, Rosa, to give you the Medal of Freedom, and I was thrilled during the State of the Union Address when you got that enormous, bipartisan ovation here.” Clinton was very inspired by Rosa and made this speech to show how much courage he had in Rosa and expressed his feelings towards her. Based on whatever Rosa faced to help her blacks and…
Born on February 4th, 1913 Rosa Louise McCauley was born to James McCauley and Leona Edwards. In 1939 she married a barber named Raymond Parks changing her name to Rosa Parks. He was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). After one long day at work, on December 1st 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man while riding on a bus; a violation of the cities racial segregation laws. Parks was then arrested…