The topic of the Cold War parallels with one ideal, the ideal of Communism. The threat of Communism in our country and our allies dominated the United States’ mindset throughout the mid to late 20th century. It seemed as though war and hardship had a way of following the United States. The people of the United States looked to one person, the president, to pave the road through this time period and find a final solution for peace. The decades of the Cold War are marked by three presidents who brought their own ideology into this search; John F. Kennedy and his vow on the protection in the United States and peace throughout the world in the 1960s, Richard Nixon and his focus on building an alliance with the Chinese in the 1970s, and Ronald Reagan’s struggle to unite old and new conservatives while creating an “aggressive foreign policy” with the Soviets. The presidential race in 1960 focused almost solely on the threat of Communism. Both the Democratic candidate, John F. Kennedy, and the Republican candidate, Richard Nixon, viewed it as “ubiquitous and unremitting” (Doc 33). Yet, many of Kennedy’s ideas differentiated from the previous administration which ultimately won him the presidency. Kennedy knew that in order to keep our country safe, increasing spending on defense was necessary. Yet, Kennedy was very skeptical on threatening thermonuclear war on enemy countries, and rightfully so. Kennedy strived for the safety of our country above all else. He also wished to find peace with those countries which the United States had conflict with. In his Inaugural Address in 1961 he focused mainly on how to achieve these goals. Kennedy viewed our nation at the time as “tempered by war, disciplined by hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage” and said that he was “unwilling to witness the undoing of those human rights to which our nation had always been committed” (Doc 33). Kennedy would stop at nothing to stop the treat of communism that was upon us at the time. Kennedy knew that he was dreaming big and was open in saying that these dreams would not be completely fulfilled during his time in office but that it was time to begin a “quest for peace” (Doc 33). In his Inaugural Address, Kennedy pointed out a few efforts that were to take place to embark on the process. The United States was to offer help to the countries and villages on the globe that were “struggling to break the bonds of mass misery” (Doc 33). He made clear that it was not his mission to seek the approval and “vote” of these countries over the Communists but only because it was the right thing to do. Kennedy wished to have these countries trust the United States and to know that our intentions were good. Secondly, he wished to build a new alliance with South America. His goal was to help release South America from the extreme poverty they were experiencing at the time. Ultimately, this would “oppose aggression anywhere in the Americas” (Doc 33) and keep Communist invasion from taking over in South America. Lastly, Kennedy addressed our country’s foes. He requested for both sides to “begin anew the quest for peace.” By embarking on this quest for peace both sides could dodge the bullet of more war and conflict. Kennedy then addressed our nation and asked for support by using one of the most powerful quotes known to this day, “ask not what your country can do for you-ask what you can do for your country” (Doc 33). In turn, he addressed the world as a whole by saying “Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man” (Doc 33). Unfortunately, Kennedy’s dream was short-lived. President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, sparking even more controversy and digging the United States even deeper into the war.
A decade later, the Cold War raged on. Kennedy’s former opponent for presidency, Richard Nixon, now held the title. The Communist power in China was a direct threat and concern
The Impact of the Cold War
Can you imagine a war that lasted nearly 50 years and was the cause for many developments in military and technology, but contained no fighting or battles? That war is the Cold War. The Cold War was a conflict between the world’s two superpowers at the time that was a power struggle between them and resulted in many technological advancements and a major arms race, though it never reached a point of actual armed combat. It began after the end of World War II, in 1945, as…
The Cold War is a major part of not only US and Russian history, but it had an effect on many parts of Europe and North America. The Cold War was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west was led by the United States and Eastern Europe was led by the Soviet Union. These two countries became known as superpowers. Although the two superpowers never officially declared war on each other, they fought indirectly in proxy…
The Cold War
In 1945, the main reason for the start of the cold war was the alliance between America and USSR. It’s was called the Cold War because of how there was no active war between them, their fear of nuclear escalation kept them apart. USSR wanted to prevent Germany’s invasion by spreading communism through Eastern Europe. America didn’t agree so much with the idea of communism because they followed democracy. America had begun using their atomic weapons and the Soviets feared it…
I believe that the start of the ‘Cold War’ was due to the Soviet Union. This is because of the mutual distrust of Josef Stalin and his alleged allies, especially with the USA’s newly elected Prime Minister, Harry Truman. Furthermore, Stalin appeared to have exterior motives, which he concealed from the other leaders, which included accommodating and expanding his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.
This resulted in suspicion and tension between all countries. Also, many of the disagreements…
balance of power?
"bravado" - arms race
spheres of influence
spread of communism
advent of modernism --> globalization
1945 New World Order
2 Superpowers: USSR & US
essentially teenagers in power
- inexperienced, prideful, fierce
communism vs capitalism democracy
roots of Cold War go back to 1917 and the 30's
no more fascism
Stalin promised free elections…
Always put yourselves in the shoes of the people of the time—at least as best as you can.
With regard to the Cold War, it's vital that you don't write your essay as if the outcome was a foregone conclusion. Yes, the United States exists and the Soviet Union does not. Yes, Communism as a political movement is largely discredited while "Western capitalism" is alive and well. However, Cold War policymakers, journalists, and generals didn't know, in 1963, that within the next thirty the Soviet Union and…
confirmed the wisdom of containment; when challenged, the Russians backed down
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; the U.S. joined in 1949; designed to counter a Soviet threat to Western Europe; first time the U.S. pledged to go to war if one of its allies was attacked
Communist takeover of China under Mao Zedong
October 1st, 1949, Mao established the People’s Republic of China; for Republican: Truman and “pro-Communists in the State Department” had “lost” China; for Democrats:…
domestic power through a brutal state security system involving lethal purges, gulags, broad censorship, and the use of informants. The net effect of these repressive measures was a general loss of faith in the system.
Economical strength to maintain Cold War was gone. Through the late 70's and in the 80's, the Soviet block went from stagnation to deep economic decline where problems with a centrally planned economy became evident. Shortages were widespread, investment into industries lagged, technology…
6 June 2014
The Effects of the Cold War on Canada
Since the beginning of time, humans have thrived through their own wars. Whether they be internal, personal, or worldwide, they have all undergone the struggle, fight, and passion of war. Yet, in the late 1940s, “war” changed forever. In the post World War II era from 1946 to 1991, a universal conflict arose between two of the worlds leading superpowers, the communist…
The Cold War
The cold war was a war that sparked controversies between nations. The causes
of the cold war was, of course, a major part of the outcomes of the war. Also, the
turning points of the war was very important. Finally, Canada during the cold war was
very important to not only our country but a contribution to the war itself. The cold war
frightened many Canadians and people all over the world of certain devastation itself.
The causes of the cold war were possibly the most important parts of the war…