The topic of the Cold War parallels with one ideal, the ideal of Communism. The threat of Communism in our country and our allies dominated the United States’ mindset throughout the mid to late 20th century. It seemed as though war and hardship had a way of following the United States. The people of the United States looked to one person, the president, to pave the road through this time period and find a final solution for peace. The decades of the Cold War are marked by three presidents who brought their own ideology into this search; John F. Kennedy and his vow on the protection in the United States and peace throughout the world in the 1960s, Richard Nixon and his focus on building an alliance with the Chinese in the 1970s, and Ronald Reagan’s struggle to unite old and new conservatives while creating an “aggressive foreign policy” with the Soviets. The presidential race in 1960 focused almost solely on the threat of Communism. Both the Democratic candidate, John F. Kennedy, and the Republican candidate, Richard Nixon, viewed it as “ubiquitous and unremitting” (Doc 33). Yet, many of Kennedy’s ideas differentiated from the previous administration which ultimately won him the presidency. Kennedy knew that in order to keep our country safe, increasing spending on defense was necessary. Yet, Kennedy was very skeptical on threatening thermonuclear war on enemy countries, and rightfully so. Kennedy strived for the safety of our country above all else. He also wished to find peace with those countries which the United States had conflict with. In his Inaugural Address in 1961 he focused mainly on how to achieve these goals. Kennedy viewed our nation at the time as “tempered by war, disciplined by hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage” and said that he was “unwilling to witness the undoing of those human rights to which our nation had always been committed” (Doc 33). Kennedy would stop at nothing to stop the treat of communism that was upon us at the time. Kennedy knew that he was dreaming big and was open in saying that these dreams would not be completely fulfilled during his time in office but that it was time to begin a “quest for peace” (Doc 33). In his Inaugural Address, Kennedy pointed out a few efforts that were to take place to embark on the process. The United States was to offer help to the countries and villages on the globe that were “struggling to break the bonds of mass misery” (Doc 33). He made clear that it was not his mission to seek the approval and “vote” of these countries over the Communists but only because it was the right thing to do. Kennedy wished to have these countries trust the United States and to know that our intentions were good. Secondly, he wished to build a new alliance with South America. His goal was to help release South America from the extreme poverty they were experiencing at the time. Ultimately, this would “oppose aggression anywhere in the Americas” (Doc 33) and keep Communist invasion from taking over in South America. Lastly, Kennedy addressed our country’s foes. He requested for both sides to “begin anew the quest for peace.” By embarking on this quest for peace both sides could dodge the bullet of more war and conflict. Kennedy then addressed our nation and asked for support by using one of the most powerful quotes known to this day, “ask not what your country can do for you-ask what you can do for your country” (Doc 33). In turn, he addressed the world as a whole by saying “Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man” (Doc 33). Unfortunately, Kennedy’s dream was short-lived. President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, sparking even more controversy and digging the United States even deeper into the war.
A decade later, the Cold War raged on. Kennedy’s former opponent for presidency, Richard Nixon, now held the title. The Communist power in China was a direct threat and concern…
Communist state—the world's second. It does not last long, and is soon replaced by the Conservative regime of Admiral Horthy. Already, the ideological fight between Communism and, broadly defined, Capitalism has begun.
The Polish-Soviet War is fought. Lenin, who wishes to bring revolution to Europe through force, is defeated by the Poles. The spread of Communism is contained. Lenin changes tactics: instead of revolution by force, he will seek to foster Communist parties and Communist revolution…
The Cold War is a major part of not only US and Russian history, but it had an effect on many parts of Europe and North America. The Cold War was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west was led by the United States and Eastern Europe was led by the Soviet Union. These two countries became known as superpowers. Although the two superpowers never officially declared war on each other, they fought indirectly in proxy…
The Cold War
In 1945, the main reason for the start of the cold war was the alliance between America and USSR. It’s was called the Cold War because of how there was no active war between them, their fear of nuclear escalation kept them apart. USSR wanted to prevent Germany’s invasion by spreading communism through Eastern Europe. America didn’t agree so much with the idea of communism because they followed democracy. America had begun…
balance of power?
"bravado" - arms race
spheres of influence
spread of communism
advent of modernism --> globalization
1945 New World Order
2 Superpowers: USSR & US
essentially teenagers in power
- inexperienced, prideful, fierce
communism vs capitalism democracy
roots of Cold War go back to 1917 and the 30's
no more fascism
Stalin promised free elections…
Cold War Essay
World Cultures Nov. 21 2013
The Cold War was a drastic period in time. The Cold War was a feud between the USSR Soviet Union and the United States. It was called the Cold War because for the most part of the war both sides just spied on each other. One of the main questions asked backed then, and still asked now is “Who started the Cold War?” Some say…
I believe that the start of the ‘Cold War’ was due to the Soviet Union. This is because of the mutual distrust of Josef Stalin and his alleged allies, especially with the USA’s newly elected Prime Minister, Harry Truman. Furthermore, Stalin appeared to have exterior motives, which he concealed from the other leaders, which included accommodating and expanding his sphere of influence in Eastern Europe.
This resulted in suspicion and tension between all countries. Also, many of the disagreements…
Yalta Conference: Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin, and Winston Churchill. Before the war was over they met over to divide German into zones of occupation controlled by the Allied military forces. Germany would also have to pay the Soviet Union to compensate for its loss of life and property.
United Nations: This international organization was intended to protect the members against aggression. The charter for the new peacekeeping organization established a large body called the General Assembly…
Everywhere I read about the cold war it says it is unlike any war the U.S ever fought, but why is that? What makes this war so much different that it stands out from all the rest? What did the war change in the world around us; did it benefit us or ruin us? Did the war cause other violent wars after it was over? How did it affect our president at the time, and how did he affect the cold war? Why don’t we take a look at our past and find out? As we start at the very beginning of this war…
Cold War in Asia and Europe: Compared
Asia – Yellow
Europe – Blue
Both – Green
Second world war caused ‘bipolar world’
‘Bipolar world’ meant the US and USSR dominated
Both powers had nuclear weapons so confrontation could lead to nuclear war.
To avoid this advantage was gained through diplomacy and applying political pressure.
‘Cold War’ is the title given to a ‘war without war’.
Power was won or lost through diplomacy rather than force.
The implications on other countries as well…