Chapter 17: Anatomy Study Guide metabolism refers to all the chemical reactions that occur in the body mitochondrial,enzymes,break,the,covalent,bonds,that,hold,these,molecules, together,,they,capture,rougly,40,percent,of,the,energy,released,by,atp, cells,synthesis,new,organic,compounds:,, o to,perform,structural,maintenance,and,repairs,(metabolic,turnover), o to,support,growth, o to,produce,secretions, o to,build,nutrient,reserves, cell,first,breaks,down,carbohydrates,,then,lipids,,then,amino,acids,,then, nucleic,acids, chemical,reactions,within,the,mitochondria,break,down,the,fragments, further,and,generate,CO2,,water,,and,ATP, o involves:,TCA,cycles,and,electron,transport,system, during,the,catabolism,,of,glucose,a,cell,gains,36,molecules, glycolysis,requires:,glucose,molecules,,cytoplasmic,enzymes,,atp,and,adp,, and,NAD,(coenzymes,that,removes,hydrogen,atoms), o glycolysis,yields,a,net,gain,of,2,atp,molecules, o ability,to,capture,that,energy,dependson,the,availability,of,oxygen, ! if,oxygen,is,available,,mitochondria,absrbs,pyruvic,acid,and, breaks,them,down, ! hydrogen,atoms,of,pyruvic,acid,are,removed,by,coenzymes, and,are,the,source,of,most,of,the,cells,energy,gain, ! carbon,and,oxygen,atoms,are,removed,and,released,as,CO2, TCA,CYCLE:,function:,remove,hydrogen,atoms,from,organic,molecules,and, transfer,them,to,coenzymes,in,the,electron,transport,system, o Yields,1,molecule,of,CO2,,1,molecule,of,NADH,,1,molecule,of,acetyl, COA,, o When,the,acetyl,group,is,transferred,from,CoA,to,a,four,carbon, molecule,,a,sixQcarbon,molecule,called,citric,acid,is,produced,, o When,citric,acid,is,produced,,then,CoA,is,released,to,,bind,with, another,acetyl,group, o 2,revolutions,in,TCA, o gluconeogenesis:,synthesis,of,glucose,from,noncarbohydrate,(protein, or,lipid),precursor,molecules,, minerals,are,inorganic,ions,released,throught,the,dissociation,of,electrolytes,, such,as,sodium,chloride, ! ions,such,as,sodium,and,chloride,determine,the,ostmotic, concentration,of,bodily,fluids, ! transport,of,gases,,buffer,systems,,fluid,absorptions,,waste, removal,,blood,clotting,,muscle,contraction,,potential, generation,,neurotransmitter,release,,maintenance,of,skeleton,, maintenance,of,membrane,potentials, !
BIOL 2404 SPRING 2013 - EXAM 4 Study Guide
Use this study guide as an outline for the things you need to study. As in the previous exam, I recommend that you at least read the chapter summaries on your textbook. The distribution of the material will be the following:
Chapter 24 – 10 questions
Chapter 25 – 20 questions
Chapter 27 – 20 questions
Chapter 24 – Nutrition, Metabolism, and Body Temperature Regulation (10 Questions)
Even though we covered carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism…
Biology Spring 2014 Final Exam Study Guide
Chapters 9, 12-17, Ecology, Biodiversity, Anatomy 1+2
The final exam will have 60 multiple choice and 12 written questions. It is worth 20% of your semester grade.
Chapter 9: Genetics
1. Be able to define phenotype and genotype and give examples
2. Define homozygous and heterozygous
3. Define incomplete dominance and codominance
4. Give examples of complete dominance, incomplete dominance and codominance
5. Perform a simple genetics cross using…
to prepare students to:
1. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship of personal
responsibility, one’s lifestyle, and one’s quality of life.
2. Demonstrate a working knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the
cardiovascular system including, but not limited to, the anatomy of the
heart, electrical conduction system of the heart, blood flow sequence
through the body, and relevant cardiovascular terminology and identify
and explain the relationship…
REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 5
Chapter 19: Digestive System
Mechanical vs. chemical digestion, where each occurs, and how.
What type of contractions move food through the entire GI tract?
What is mesentery? What is peritonitis? What are some causes? why is it bad?
What effects do ACh (parasympathetic) and NE (sympathetic) have on the digestive system?
Mouth: lined with what type of tissue? What type of digestion occurs in the mouth? What is the function of the tongue, and teeth? know the # and types of…
REVIEW SHEET FOR BIO265 EXAM 3 FALL 2014
The Cell Cycle: Interphase, stages of (G1, S, G2), function of each stage; Mitotic (M) phase.
Mitosis and Meiosis, define precisely mitosis and meiosis? Know phases of, the order of phases, what happens in each phase, how the phases of mitosis and meiosis are similar and differ from each other, what is the significance of Prophase I?
Function of Cytokinesis
Relationship of diploid and haploid cells to mitosis and meiosis
How do the end products…
closely; read the outline and the
associated sections in Chapter 1 of your textbook (at the same time); be sure to view the figures
and tables in the book (shown in this outline in parentheses); there is a lot of material in the
textbook that we do not have time to cover in this course, or will cover later on; please read this
extra content, but keep in mind that you will not find it on an exam; use the lecture outline as
your guide; your exams are based mainly on your lecture outlines and lab activities;…
and Exam Schedules
Week Date Topics Chapters
1 08/27/13 Descent with Modification 22
General considerations of Course
1 08/29/13 Descent with Modification 22
The Evolution of Populations 23
2 09/03/13 The Evolution of Populations 23
Lab Ex. 1-Population Genetics: Gene Frequency
2 09/05/13 The Origin of Species 24 The History of Life on Earth 25
09/08/13 Mastering Biology Chapter 22-24…
Medical assistant training programs most commonly lead to a certificate or a diploma, which take around one year to complete, or an associate's degree, which takes around two years. Study topics include medical terminology, anatomy and physiology, and programs may include a clinical internship wherein the student works as a medical assistant in a medical clinic. In the United States, medical assistants have traditionally held jobs almost exclusively in ambulatory care centers…
Module 1: Overview / Introduction
This module will introduce you to the study of anatomy. It will begin with a short history of anatomical study and go into some of the modalities used in the study and evaluation of anatomical structures today. We will learn some of the basic directional terms used to describe the orientation of the body. These terms will be used throughout the course as anatomical structures are meaningless without an understanding of orientation and location within the body. Then…
Format for Bio Lecture Exam 2
I) Imagine you are a biologist (22)
• phylums, kingdoms, etc.
II) Misc. questions about chromists, plants, fungi (54)
III) Germination, morphology, Anatomy of Plants (24)
IV) Bonus (4)
• on reserve in the library
. Know scientific and common names, but the chart will have both
• unicellular, filamentous, colonial, coenocytic, or multicellular
• cell wall composed of cellulose (not a protein)
• often have…