Chapter 9 - The Confederation and the Constitution 1. Continental army officers attempting to form the Society of the Cincinnati were ridiculed for their lordly pretensions. 2. The American Revolution was an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution. 3. The world’s first antislavery society was founded by Quakers in Philadelphia. 4. As part of the egalitarian movement of the American Revolution, several northern states abolished slavery. 5. Early signs of the abolitionist movement can be seen in the emancipation of some slaves. 6. The Founding Fathers failed to eliminate slavery because a fight over slavery might destroy national unity. 7. The struggle for divorce between religion and government proved fiercest in Virginia. 8. As a result of the Revolution’s emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved: a. The reduction of property qualifications for voting by most states b. The growth of trade organizations for artisans and laborers. c. The establishment of the world’s first antislavery society. d. Abolishing medieval inheritance laws. 9. The most important outcome of the Revolution for white women was that they were elevated as special keepers of the nations’ conscience. 10. As written documents, the state constitutions were intended to represent a fundamental law superior to ordinary legislation. 11. As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions required the annual election of legislators. 12. As a result of the Revolution, many state capitals were relocated westward to get them away from the haughty eastern seaports. 13. One reason that the United States avoided the frightful excesses and examples of the French Revolution is that cheap land was easily available. 14. It was highly significant to the course of future events that economic democracy preceded political democracy in the United States. 15. The economic status of the average American at the end of the Revolutionary War was probably worse than before the war. 16. Immediately after the Revolution, the new American nation’s greatest strength lay in its excellent political leadership. 17. The Second Continental Congress of Revolutionary days was little more than a conference of ambassadors with very limited power. 18. The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when all states claiming western lands surrendered them to the national government. 19. The major issue that delayed ratification of the Articles of Confederation concerned western lands. 20. The Articles of Confederation left Congress unable to enforce a tax-collection program. 21. A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its presentation the ideal of a united nation. 22. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established a procedure for governing the Old Northwest territory. 23. One of the most farsighted provisions of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 prohibited slavery in the Old Northwest. 24. The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for all of the following: a. Money from land sales should be used to pay off the national debt. b. The land should be surveyed before its sale. c. The territory should be divided into townships six miles square. d. The sixteenth section should be sold to support education. 25. Know the following descriptions with the problem it presented for U.S. foreign relations following the Revolutionary War. a. Britain-occupied a chain of trading forts in the Old Northwest b. France-demanded repayment of wartime loans c. Spain-controlled important trade routes from the interior of North America d. Barbary Coast-threatened American commerce in the Mediterranean 26. After the Revolutionary War, both Britain and Spain prevented America from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory. 27. Shay’s Rebellion was…
Articles Of Confederation: American Revolution
Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States had many problems. Even though, the Constitution wanted to satisfy everyone, it divided the United States in two. This created the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The Federalists believed in a strong national government, whereas the Anti-federalists opposed a strong national government.
The Articles of Confederation caused many issues for the United States…
The Articles of Confederation gave the US government very little power over very essential things, such as taxation and raising an army. Without the power to impose taxes, the central government had a hard time paying off its debts to other countries and paying its soldiers that fought in the war. It also severely limited the effectiveness of the central government by requiring 9 out of 13 votes for a law to pass while 13 out of 13 had to agree for amending a law. The central government only had…
25 September 2014
Constitutional Convention and The Constitution
The Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, is one of the most, if not the only, important meeting in American history. The Constitutional Convention produced the single most surviving written document ever created by some of the greatest and influential minds of the time, the Constitution of the United States. The men who attended the convention created a document that has shaped and…
Although the Articles of Confederation were the building blocks of America, it had many downfalls such as the failure to impose taxes, having the control over the interstate commerce, and amending documents. These faults needed to be changed as soon as possible to make create a better government, also giving some rights to the people and being able to control the trade between states.
The Articles of Confederation had many faults and one of the main ones was levying taxes. The congress could request…
U.S. History Essay
A Stronger Government for a New Country
The Articles of Confederation were successful in unifying the independent colonies during the American Revolution but did not adequately provide a strong central government, so were therefore nearly completely replaced by the Constitution, which more specifically outlined powers of the government. The weak and ineffective Articles resulted in the Constitutional Convention meeting in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787 to create a new form of government…
who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and/or history.
5) Confederation- An organization that consists of a number of parties or groups united in an alliance or league.
6) Aristocracy- The highest class in certain societies, esp. those holding hereditary titles or offices.
7) Oligarchy- A small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.
8) Articles of Confederation-
9) Evolutionary theory- a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen…
There are nine major factors that Articles of Confederation changed to the U.S. Constitution. Although the change created a weak central government, a unicameral, no executive branch and no federal court system it achieved peace treaty with Great Britain, develop territories for statehood and made department that became president’s cabinet. There were two major groups at that time: federalists and antifederalists. Federalists were loose constructionists and wealthy merchants who supported the constitution…
Should There be Another Constitutional Convention?
The Articles of Confederation was he first federal “constitution” to be upheld in the thirteen colonies. Unfortunately, under the Articles, Congress was given no power over the states so that the country could grow into an actual functioning society, though there were certain things that they did have control over, such as create war and peace time, conduct foreign affairs and etc. But under the Articles, “But Congress could not collect taxes and…
Although the Articles of Confederation provided enough organization for the United
States to win the Revolutionary War, it was too limited a framework of government to provide
adequately for the new country. The Articles of Confederation did not help the fledgling country
deal with its economic or foreign policy troubles.
In Addition, the Articles of Confederation did manage to keep the United States together
as a functioning country between 1781 and 1789. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state…
AP US History
10 August 2014
Articles of Confederation – Essay
From 1777 to 1789, the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an ineffective government – though it was essential to the creation of the Constitution – that simply did not resolve the economic issues being faced post-Revolution.
Two challenges the nations faced under the Articles were the inability of Congress to levy taxes as well as the lack of power to regulate commerce. These two…