Articles of Confederation and Constitutional Convention Essay

Submitted By Jocelyn4L
Words: 1187
Pages: 5

Chapter 9 - The Confederation and the Constitution 1. Continental army officers attempting to form the Society of the Cincinnati were ridiculed for their lordly pretensions. 2. The American Revolution was an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution. 3. The world’s first antislavery society was founded by Quakers in Philadelphia. 4. As part of the egalitarian movement of the American Revolution, several northern states abolished slavery. 5. Early signs of the abolitionist movement can be seen in the emancipation of some slaves. 6. The Founding Fathers failed to eliminate slavery because a fight over slavery might destroy national unity. 7. The struggle for divorce between religion and government proved fiercest in Virginia. 8. As a result of the Revolution’s emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved: a. The reduction of property qualifications for voting by most states b. The growth of trade organizations for artisans and laborers. c. The establishment of the world’s first antislavery society. d. Abolishing medieval inheritance laws. 9. The most important outcome of the Revolution for white women was that they were elevated as special keepers of the nations’ conscience. 10. As written documents, the state constitutions were intended to represent a fundamental law superior to ordinary legislation. 11. As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions required the annual election of legislators. 12. As a result of the Revolution, many state capitals were relocated westward to get them away from the haughty eastern seaports. 13. One reason that the United States avoided the frightful excesses and examples of the French Revolution is that cheap land was easily available. 14. It was highly significant to the course of future events that economic democracy preceded political democracy in the United States. 15. The economic status of the average American at the end of the Revolutionary War was probably worse than before the war. 16. Immediately after the Revolution, the new American nation’s greatest strength lay in its excellent political leadership. 17. The Second Continental Congress of Revolutionary days was little more than a conference of ambassadors with very limited power. 18. The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when all states claiming western lands surrendered them to the national government. 19. The major issue that delayed ratification of the Articles of Confederation concerned western lands. 20. The Articles of Confederation left Congress unable to enforce a tax-collection program. 21. A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its presentation the ideal of a united nation. 22. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established a procedure for governing the Old Northwest territory. 23. One of the most farsighted provisions of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 prohibited slavery in the Old Northwest. 24. The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for all of the following: a. Money from land sales should be used to pay off the national debt. b. The land should be surveyed before its sale. c. The territory should be divided into townships six miles square. d. The sixteenth section should be sold to support education. 25. Know the following descriptions with the problem it presented for U.S. foreign relations following the Revolutionary War. a. Britain-occupied a chain of trading forts in the Old Northwest b. France-demanded repayment of wartime loans c. Spain-controlled important trade routes from the interior of North America d. Barbary Coast-threatened American commerce in the Mediterranean 26. After the Revolutionary War, both Britain and Spain prevented America from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory. 27. Shay’s Rebellion was