Chapter 9 - The Confederation and the Constitution 1. Continental army officers attempting to form the Society of the Cincinnati were ridiculed for their lordly pretensions. 2. The American Revolution was an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution. 3. The world’s first antislavery society was founded by Quakers in Philadelphia. 4. As part of the egalitarian movement of the American Revolution, several northern states abolished slavery. 5. Early signs of the abolitionist movement can be seen in the emancipation of some slaves. 6. The Founding Fathers failed to eliminate slavery because a fight over slavery might destroy national unity. 7. The struggle for divorce between religion and government proved fiercest in Virginia. 8. As a result of the Revolution’s emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved: a. The reduction of property qualifications for voting by most states b. The growth of trade organizations for artisans and laborers. c. The establishment of the world’s first antislavery society. d. Abolishing medieval inheritance laws. 9. The most important outcome of the Revolution for white women was that they were elevated as special keepers of the nations’ conscience. 10. As written documents, the state constitutions were intended to represent a fundamental law superior to ordinary legislation. 11. As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions required the annual election of legislators. 12. As a result of the Revolution, many state capitals were relocated westward to get them away from the haughty eastern seaports. 13. One reason that the United States avoided the frightful excesses and examples of the French Revolution is that cheap land was easily available. 14. It was highly significant to the course of future events that economic democracy preceded political democracy in the United States. 15. The economic status of the average American at the end of the Revolutionary War was probably worse than before the war. 16. Immediately after the Revolution, the new American nation’s greatest strength lay in its excellent political leadership. 17. The Second Continental Congress of Revolutionary days was little more than a conference of ambassadors with very limited power. 18. The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when all states claiming western lands surrendered them to the national government. 19. The major issue that delayed ratification of the Articles of Confederation concerned western lands. 20. The Articles of Confederation left Congress unable to enforce a tax-collection program. 21. A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its presentation the ideal of a united nation. 22. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established a procedure for governing the Old Northwest territory. 23. One of the most farsighted provisions of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 prohibited slavery in the Old Northwest. 24. The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for all of the following: a. Money from land sales should be used to pay off the national debt. b. The land should be surveyed before its sale. c. The territory should be divided into townships six miles square. d. The sixteenth section should be sold to support education. 25. Know the following descriptions with the problem it presented for U.S. foreign relations following the Revolutionary War. a. Britain-occupied a chain of trading forts in the Old Northwest b. France-demanded repayment of wartime loans c. Spain-controlled important trade routes from the interior of North America d. Barbary Coast-threatened American commerce in the Mediterranean 26. After the Revolutionary War, both Britain and Spain prevented America from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory. 27. Shay’s Rebellion was
Articles Of Confederation: American Revolution
Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States had many problems. Even though, the Constitution wanted to satisfy everyone, it divided the United States in two. This created the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. The Federalists believed in a strong national government, whereas the Anti-federalists opposed a strong national government.
The Articles of Confederation caused many issues for the United States. The Federalists…
1.) Discuss the Articles of Confederation: how did they come about? Was the government under the Articles of Confederation an outright failure or were they just not adequate for the challenges the young nation faced? Why or why not? Explain the circumstances of the event that prompted a heightened awareness of the Articles’ shortcomings and led to the events at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787.
The Articles of Confederation was the first document to explain…
of the Constitution.
Alexander Hamilton – He helped the country come to a meeting in Philadelphia to help the Articles of Confederation. He helped gain support for the anti-federalists, but he was a federalist. He helped write articles for the New York Times, the most influential commentary written about the Constitution.
James Madison – He was present at the Constitutional Convention, helped convince the public to ratify the Constitution and is even referred to as “the Father of the Constitution”…
Should There be Another Constitutional Convention?
The Articles of Confederation was he first federal “constitution” to be upheld in the thirteen colonies. Unfortunately, under the Articles, Congress was given no power over the states so that the country could grow into an actual functioning society, though there were certain things that they did have control over, such as create war and peace time, conduct foreign affairs and etc. But under the Articles, “But Congress could not collect taxes and…
Question 10 |
The constitutional provision requiring that state courts enforce civil judgments of the courts of other states and accept their public records as valid is found in the
| | commerce clause |
| | full faith and credit clause |
| | due process clause |
| | concurrent powers clause |
Question 11 |
The only method used thus far to propose amendments to the Constitution is
| | a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress |
| | state conventions |
| | state legislatures…
The Confederation and the Constitution
The Pursuit of Equality
The Continental Army officers formed an exclusive hereditary order called the Society of the Cincinnati.
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom- created in 1786 by Thomas Jefferson and his co-reformers; stated that religion should not be imposed on anybody and that each person decided his/her own faith.
The Philadelphia Quakers in 1775 founded the first anti-slavery society.
The 1st Continental Congress…
25 September 2014
Constitutional Convention and The Constitution
The Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, is one of the most, if not the only, important meeting in American history. The Constitutional Convention produced the single most surviving written document ever created by some of the greatest and influential minds of the time, the Constitution of the United States. The men who attended the convention created a document that has shaped and…
in’s tyrannical rule, the
United States had no form of government. The Articles of Confederation were drafted at the
Continental Congress to create some form of order. However, the Articles were weak.
America’s leaders met at the Constitutional Convention to draft a new document, the
Constitution. The Constitution fixed issues the Articles helped to create, beginning with the
The Articles of Confederation were weak and unstructured. They gave the states too
much power, and did not unify the country…
ginated with a 1783 amendment, proposed to the Articles of Confederation. The amendment was to have changed the basis for determining the wealth of each state, and hence its tax obligations, from real estate to population, as a measure of ability to produce wealth. The proposal by a committee of the Congress had suggested that taxes "shall be supplied by the several colonies in proportion to the number of inhabitants of every age, sex, and quality, except Indians not paying taxes." The South…
SUPA US History
27 October 2014
The Articles of Confederation is an agreement between the thirteen
original states; it
slacking federal government before the current
went into effect.
Articles of Confederation was created to find a solution to common problem. It was the first
official government of the United States, it had many weaknesses
. One of the main weaknesses
was the failure to regulate trade (Class Notes). The states would…