The Nature Of Human Resource Management

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Pages: 4

Study Guide
Test #1
Chapters 1-4

1: The Nature of Human Resource Management

An organization's human resources are the people it employs to carry out various jobs, tasks, and functions in exchange for wages, salaries, and other rewards. No resources are more vital to an organization’s success than its human resources.
Human resource management refers to the comprehensive set of managerial activities and tasks concerned with developing and maintaining a qualified workforce in ways that contribute to organizational effectiveness. Effective human resource management is becoming a vital strategic concern for most organizations today.
Learning Outcomes:



Describe and trace the evolution of the HRM function in organization. o Can you identify contributing factors (competitive, legal and social/cultural) that led to the contemporary perspective and role of
Identify and discuss the goals of human resource management. o Exhibit 1.1 illustrates the four basic goals of human resource management today. o Can you identify the goals of HRM and recognize activities that help the organization achieve them?
Discuss the setting for human resource management. o Can you differentiate between the “traditional” vs “contemporary” view of line vs staff functions o Exhibit 1.3 depicts the human resource management system as an integrated and interrelated approach to managing human resources which fully recognizes the interdependence among the various tasks and functions that must be performed. o Who is responsible for HRM?

Chapter 2: The Legal Environment

This chapter is devoted to the legal environment of human resource management.
Managing within the complex legal environment that affects human resource practices requires a full understanding of that legal environment and the ability to ensure that others within the organization understand it as well. The legal context of human resource management is affected by laws passed by legislative bodies, by social change, and by judicial rulings that interpret the laws. The Regulatory
Environment of Human Resource Management consists of three steps: creation of the requirement, enforcement, and implementation in organizations. All areas of the employment relationship are regulated, from hiring to appraisal to termination or retirement. Virtually every law and statute governing employment relationships is attempting to ensure equal employment opportunity in some way
Learning Outcomes:
Identify key laws that prohibit discrimination in the workplace and discuss equal employment opportunity.
• What is the underlying purpose of US Employment Legislation?
• Can you identify key federal laws that affect business practices here in the US?
• Given certain circumstances, can you determine whether a specific practice is covered by a law? Which one?
2. Discuss the importance to an organization of evaluating its legal compliance
• Compliance is required or organizations may suffer severe fines, penalties and lawsuits. Can you identify practices that HR Managers undertake to ensure its meeting expectations?


Chapter 3: The Global Environment
International business is booming, due to opportunities such as new markets, new locations for production, and areas offering new information, financing, and other resources. Firms need skilled and experienced managers and employees who understand foreign markets as well as the general economic situation to effectively manage international expansion. Human resource managers should be concerned with preparing other managers for international assignments, among other responsibilities.
Learning Outcomes:
1. Discuss the human resource management function in international business.

Can you identify the various factors that need to be considered if employing individuals in various countries?
• Can you recognize and/or describe the cultural dimensions studied by