Book ID –B1621
Q1.Describe the concept of vision and mission in organisation
Ans. Vision and mission
Every organisation has a vision and mission. Its aim to provide faultless people, earns money, provide for his family, get social status in the process, etc. A vision statement is a formal statement of what vision cannot be made by the owner alone.
How do we make a vision?
Well, there has been a lot of research on this and various views. But Collins and Porras in their noted article ‘Organisational Vision and Visionary Organisation’ spelt out that a vision statement has to have four parts namely:
1) Core values,
2) Core purposes,
3) The Big Hairy Audacious Goal or BHAG (pronounced as ‘Beehag’) and the vivid description.
Q2.A) Define planning B) Explain importance of planning
Ans.Definition of Planning
Planning can be defined as a basic management function which enables one to select the purpose of the business, and how the resources should be mustered to achieve that purpose to include using the available resources optimally to do that. Planning implies goal setting for the organisation keeping in mind the constraints, opportunities
Importance of Planning
Planning is important for the following reasons:
It helps the management to clarify, focus, and research their businesses or project's development and prospects.
Q3.A) why leading is important
B) What are the characteristics of leading?
Ans. Characteristics of Leading
Leading is required at all levels of organisation. It is incorrect to believe that leading is required only at the top level. This is more so in the modern context where teams are the working entities
Leading is a creative activity because of the human factors and individual variances and group variances. .
Importance of Leading
1. Initiates actions – Leading is the function which starts the work performance of the followers or subordinates. Mrs. Rakhi of Sambhavi initiated the actions by giving goals to the employees. She could have given direction, rules, and regulations. The work would perhaps still have been done but not with so much enthusiasm.
2. Sustains action – Direction, much like leading initiates action but these directions have to be
Q4. A) Define organisation behaviour B) What are limitations of OB
Ans.OB can be defined as a systematic study that investigates the impact of individuals, groups and organisational factors on productivity to include effectiveness and efficiency, absentee, turnover, organisational citizenship behaviour and job satisfaction. By systematic study we mean looking at relationships and attempting to attribute causes and effects, and drawing conclusions based on scientific evidence. Limitations of OB
OB has some important limitations. These are: OB is not a remedy for the removal of conflict and frustration but can only reduce them.