Past History Chapter 2

Submitted By Tarstar
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Pages: 3

Chapter 2- Notes
Fact one-In Germany in the Neander Valley a human skull was found but instead of having a forehead it had two thick ridges above the eyebrows.
Fact two- this era has no actual names or dates it only has estimates therefore it is called Pre-History it comes before history.
Fact Three-During this time they had to have tools so tools were made out of stone and where eventually shaped to be useful.
Fact Four- because of the stone tools made in the era we call it the Stone Age.
Fact Five- The Stone Age began before the last Ice Age had ended.
Fact six-(that is, 4000 B.C), they found a new and more convenient way of making tools: they discovered metals. This age is called the Bronze Age due to the fact that they made tools and jewelry out of bronze.

Chapter Three-
The Nile runs straight down the middle of Egypt and Twice a year the river floods and bursts it banks flooding the whole land.
One Pharaoh was King Cheops who lived in about 2500 B.C he summoned all his subjects to construct his tomb he wanted a building like a mountain and you can still see that mountain today it is the great pyramid of Cheops.
The need for such a big tomb was part of their religion they believed the pharaoh was sons of the sun god and that is why they obeyed him in fear.
The Egyptians believed that after they died they had need of the body so they found a way to preserve the bodies by rubbing the body in juices and ointments of plant and wrapped them in thin strip of cloth this process is mummification.
The tomb have food and expensive items because it was to be a dwelling for the soul when it returned and there are paintings on the wall showing signs of his old life to make sure he wouldn’t go to the wrong tomb
The paintings are stiff as if the people were ironed stiff but these pictures give us accurate depictions of Egyptian life.
They also have symbol but they are hieroglyphics and they mean words it’s like a picture puzzle.
Chapter 4-
1).Unlike Egypt Mesopotamia was rarely ruled by just one king, nor did any single empire survive long within firm frontiers. The most important one were the Sumerians. Babylonians and the Assyrians.

2).In some respects the Sumerians were ahead of the Egyptians they had already learned to shape bricks from clay and build houses and temples by 3100B.C
3).Their script was neatly incised single stroke